A Dutch farmer with beef cattle and suckling calves noticed one of the calves suffering from diarrhoea and observed large white worms near the perineum. In the faeces of this calf, eggs of Toxocara vitulorum were found. The majority of the cows in the herd were of the Piemontese breed previously imported from southern France. Treatment with albendazole was successful. Two other calves had positive faecal egg counts. One month after treatment of these calves with doramectin, no eggs were found. To prevent further infections on the farm and dissemination of this uncommon infection to other farms, the farmer decided to have all his cattle slaughtered.