Towards molecular tools for management of oak forests : genetic studies on indigenous Quercus robur L., and Q. petraea (Matt.) Liebl. populations

E.G. Bakker

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WUAcademic

Abstract

This thesis describes the genetic composition of indigenous oak populations in the Netherlands using two different molecular marker techniques, AFLP and microsatellites. No diagnostic AFLP marker was found that could differentiate between Q. robur and Q. petraea, but five species-indicative AFLP markers were observed. This indicates that the two oak species are closely related. AFLP and microsatellite analysis of an ancient woodland described large Q. robur and Q. petraea clones with diameters up to 5.8 m. Such large clones are an indication for the old age of such woodlands that have a history of coppicing and grazing. As indigenous oak populations in the Netherlands suffered from large scale deforestation and have been coppiced and grazed for centuries, it was expected that the genetic variation of such populations would be low. However, the genetic variation observed for two indigenous Q. robur populations was as high as for unmanaged French and German Q. robur populations. Molecular markers that are closely linked to quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling eco-physiological and morphological traits can be used in ecology and forestry. Therefore, a genetic linkage map of Q. robur was constructed and QTLs controlling eco-physiological and morphological traits were located.
LanguageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Jacobsen, Evert, Promotor
  • van Eck, H.J., Co-promotor, External person
Award date12 Nov 2001
Place of PublicationS.l.
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789032703103
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

forest genetics
Quercus petraea
Quercus robur
Quercus
amplified fragment length polymorphism
woodlands
quantitative trait loci
Netherlands
microsatellite repeats
clones
coppicing
genetic variation
genetic markers
deforestation
chromosome mapping
forestry
grazing
ecology

Keywords

  • quercus robur
  • quercus petraea
  • genetic variation
  • genetic markers
  • forests
  • forest management

Cite this

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title = "Towards molecular tools for management of oak forests : genetic studies on indigenous Quercus robur L., and Q. petraea (Matt.) Liebl. populations",
abstract = "This thesis describes the genetic composition of indigenous oak populations in the Netherlands using two different molecular marker techniques, AFLP and microsatellites. No diagnostic AFLP marker was found that could differentiate between Q. robur and Q. petraea, but five species-indicative AFLP markers were observed. This indicates that the two oak species are closely related. AFLP and microsatellite analysis of an ancient woodland described large Q. robur and Q. petraea clones with diameters up to 5.8 m. Such large clones are an indication for the old age of such woodlands that have a history of coppicing and grazing. As indigenous oak populations in the Netherlands suffered from large scale deforestation and have been coppiced and grazed for centuries, it was expected that the genetic variation of such populations would be low. However, the genetic variation observed for two indigenous Q. robur populations was as high as for unmanaged French and German Q. robur populations. Molecular markers that are closely linked to quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling eco-physiological and morphological traits can be used in ecology and forestry. Therefore, a genetic linkage map of Q. robur was constructed and QTLs controlling eco-physiological and morphological traits were located.",
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author = "E.G. Bakker",
note = "WU thesis 3077 Met lit. opg. - Met samenvatting in het Engels en Nederlands",
year = "2001",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789032703103",
publisher = "S.n.",
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Towards molecular tools for management of oak forests : genetic studies on indigenous Quercus robur L., and Q. petraea (Matt.) Liebl. populations. / Bakker, E.G.

S.l. : S.n., 2001. 117 p.

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WUAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Towards molecular tools for management of oak forests : genetic studies on indigenous Quercus robur L., and Q. petraea (Matt.) Liebl. populations

AU - Bakker, E.G.

N1 - WU thesis 3077 Met lit. opg. - Met samenvatting in het Engels en Nederlands

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - This thesis describes the genetic composition of indigenous oak populations in the Netherlands using two different molecular marker techniques, AFLP and microsatellites. No diagnostic AFLP marker was found that could differentiate between Q. robur and Q. petraea, but five species-indicative AFLP markers were observed. This indicates that the two oak species are closely related. AFLP and microsatellite analysis of an ancient woodland described large Q. robur and Q. petraea clones with diameters up to 5.8 m. Such large clones are an indication for the old age of such woodlands that have a history of coppicing and grazing. As indigenous oak populations in the Netherlands suffered from large scale deforestation and have been coppiced and grazed for centuries, it was expected that the genetic variation of such populations would be low. However, the genetic variation observed for two indigenous Q. robur populations was as high as for unmanaged French and German Q. robur populations. Molecular markers that are closely linked to quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling eco-physiological and morphological traits can be used in ecology and forestry. Therefore, a genetic linkage map of Q. robur was constructed and QTLs controlling eco-physiological and morphological traits were located.

AB - This thesis describes the genetic composition of indigenous oak populations in the Netherlands using two different molecular marker techniques, AFLP and microsatellites. No diagnostic AFLP marker was found that could differentiate between Q. robur and Q. petraea, but five species-indicative AFLP markers were observed. This indicates that the two oak species are closely related. AFLP and microsatellite analysis of an ancient woodland described large Q. robur and Q. petraea clones with diameters up to 5.8 m. Such large clones are an indication for the old age of such woodlands that have a history of coppicing and grazing. As indigenous oak populations in the Netherlands suffered from large scale deforestation and have been coppiced and grazed for centuries, it was expected that the genetic variation of such populations would be low. However, the genetic variation observed for two indigenous Q. robur populations was as high as for unmanaged French and German Q. robur populations. Molecular markers that are closely linked to quantitative trait loci (QTLs) controlling eco-physiological and morphological traits can be used in ecology and forestry. Therefore, a genetic linkage map of Q. robur was constructed and QTLs controlling eco-physiological and morphological traits were located.

KW - quercus robur

KW - quercus petraea

KW - genetische variatie

KW - genetische merkers

KW - bossen

KW - bosbedrijfsvoering

KW - bosbeheer

KW - bosbouw

KW - eik

KW - genetica

KW - quercus robur

KW - quercus petraea

KW - genetic variation

KW - genetic markers

KW - forests

KW - forest management

M3 - internal PhD, WU

SN - 9789032703103

PB - S.n.

CY - S.l.

ER -