Towards eco-agro industrial clusters in aquatic production: the case of shrimp processing industry in Vietnam

Pham Thi Ahn, Tran Thi My Dieu, A.P.J. Mol, C. Kroeze, S.R. Bush

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23 Citations (Scopus)


The concept of industrial ecology has been applied in this research to study possibilities to develop an eco-industrial cluster model for fishery production industry in Vietnam. By learning from experiments of other developed countries, we apply the principles of Industrial Ecology and of Ecological Modernization in the context of Vietnam. We design a physical-technological conceptual model for minimizing waste in agro-industries, with a case study of frozen shrimp production. The results indicate that it is possible and feasible to develop an eco-industrial cluster including aquaculture, fishery processing companies, by-product plants, and wastewater treatment units. By doing so, aquaculture and industry can cooperate for environmentally sound development. Actors and institutions that may govern the proposed eco-industrial cluster of shrimp processing industry are also analysed in this paper. The economic feasibility of the designed eco-agro industrial cluster for fish production in Vietnam depends on the energy savings and effective revenues gained from selling the produced valuable materials, such as Chitosan and animal feed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2107-2118
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Issue number17-18
Publication statusPublished - 2011



  • waste-water treatment
  • anaerobic treatment
  • cleaner production
  • flows
  • reuse
  • plant

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