Towards closing the surface energy budget of a mid-latitude grassland

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Observations for May and August, 2005, from a long-term grassland meteorological station situated in central Netherlands were used to evaluate the closure of the surface energy budget. We compute all possible enthalpy changes, such as the grass cover heat storage, dew water heat storage, air mass heat storage and the photosynthesis energy flux, over an averaging time interval. In addition, the soil heat flux was estimated using a harmonic analysis technique to obtain a more accurate assessment of the surface soil heat flux. By doing so, a closure of 96% was obtained. The harmonic analysis technique appears to improve closure by 9%, the photosynthesis for 3% and the rest of the storage terms for a 3% improvement of the energy budget closure. For calm nights (friction velocity u * <0.1 m s¿1) when the eddy covariance technique is unreliable for measurement of the vertical turbulent fluxes, the inclusion of a scheme that calculates dew fluxes improves the energy budget closure significantly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-136
JournalBoundary-Layer Meteorology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • energy balance
  • grasslands
  • photosynthesis
  • land surface
  • heat flow
  • balance closure
  • heat-flux
  • eddy-correlation
  • boundary-layer
  • storage terms
  • forest
  • land
  • cases-99
  • carbon
  • area

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