Towards a climatology of orographic induced wave drag in the stable boundary layer over real terrain

M.A. Kleczek, G.J. Steeneveld, C.J. Nappo, A.A.M. Holtslag

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

Abstract

The stable boundary layer (SBL) is of particular interest for numerous environmental issues as air quality, aviation, fog forecasting, wind energy engineering, and climate modelling. Unfortunately the current understanding of the SBL is still rather poor, and progress is slow. The relatively poor understanding of the SBL is a direct consequence of the multiplicity of small-scale processes which may occur at the same time in the SBL. One of such a processes is generation of orographic induced gravity waves. In night-time stable conditions undulating orography in the landscape may trigger gravity wave propagation. Until now the quantitative role of orographic induced gravity wave drag to the total momentum budget of the SBL is rather limited, and solely originates from high resolution numerical studies over idealized terrain and for idealized forcing. At the same time it is realized that large-scale weather forecast models encounter problems with forecasting winds and temperatures in the stable boundary layer. Therefore it is tempting to further investigate the role of gravity wave drag on the SBL in a climatological sense, and as such this study extends earlier results from Steeneveld et al (2009) for a broader range of weather conditions and time frame. In order to do so, we run the high resolution WRF single column model in for the Great Plains (USA) area, which is characterized by small scale orography (amplitude ~10 m, wave length
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society (9-13 July 2012, Boston, MA)
Place of PublicationBoston
PublisherAmerican Meteorological Society
Pages29
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction - Boston, United States
Duration: 9 Jul 201213 Jul 2012

Conference

Conference20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period9/07/1213/07/12

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climatology
drag
boundary layer
gravity wave
orography
fog
environmental issue
wave propagation
climate modeling
momentum
air quality
wavelength
weather
engineering
energy
temperature

Cite this

Kleczek, M. A., Steeneveld, G. J., Nappo, C. J., & Holtslag, A. A. M. (2012). Towards a climatology of orographic induced wave drag in the stable boundary layer over real terrain. In 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society (9-13 July 2012, Boston, MA) (pp. 29). Boston: American Meteorological Society.
Kleczek, M.A. ; Steeneveld, G.J. ; Nappo, C.J. ; Holtslag, A.A.M. / Towards a climatology of orographic induced wave drag in the stable boundary layer over real terrain. 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society (9-13 July 2012, Boston, MA). Boston : American Meteorological Society, 2012. pp. 29
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abstract = "The stable boundary layer (SBL) is of particular interest for numerous environmental issues as air quality, aviation, fog forecasting, wind energy engineering, and climate modelling. Unfortunately the current understanding of the SBL is still rather poor, and progress is slow. The relatively poor understanding of the SBL is a direct consequence of the multiplicity of small-scale processes which may occur at the same time in the SBL. One of such a processes is generation of orographic induced gravity waves. In night-time stable conditions undulating orography in the landscape may trigger gravity wave propagation. Until now the quantitative role of orographic induced gravity wave drag to the total momentum budget of the SBL is rather limited, and solely originates from high resolution numerical studies over idealized terrain and for idealized forcing. At the same time it is realized that large-scale weather forecast models encounter problems with forecasting winds and temperatures in the stable boundary layer. Therefore it is tempting to further investigate the role of gravity wave drag on the SBL in a climatological sense, and as such this study extends earlier results from Steeneveld et al (2009) for a broader range of weather conditions and time frame. In order to do so, we run the high resolution WRF single column model in for the Great Plains (USA) area, which is characterized by small scale orography (amplitude ~10 m, wave length",
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Kleczek, MA, Steeneveld, GJ, Nappo, CJ & Holtslag, AAM 2012, Towards a climatology of orographic induced wave drag in the stable boundary layer over real terrain. in 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society (9-13 July 2012, Boston, MA). American Meteorological Society, Boston, pp. 29, 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, Boston, United States, 9/07/12.

Towards a climatology of orographic induced wave drag in the stable boundary layer over real terrain. / Kleczek, M.A.; Steeneveld, G.J.; Nappo, C.J.; Holtslag, A.A.M.

20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society (9-13 July 2012, Boston, MA). Boston : American Meteorological Society, 2012. p. 29.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademic

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T1 - Towards a climatology of orographic induced wave drag in the stable boundary layer over real terrain

AU - Kleczek, M.A.

AU - Steeneveld, G.J.

AU - Nappo, C.J.

AU - Holtslag, A.A.M.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The stable boundary layer (SBL) is of particular interest for numerous environmental issues as air quality, aviation, fog forecasting, wind energy engineering, and climate modelling. Unfortunately the current understanding of the SBL is still rather poor, and progress is slow. The relatively poor understanding of the SBL is a direct consequence of the multiplicity of small-scale processes which may occur at the same time in the SBL. One of such a processes is generation of orographic induced gravity waves. In night-time stable conditions undulating orography in the landscape may trigger gravity wave propagation. Until now the quantitative role of orographic induced gravity wave drag to the total momentum budget of the SBL is rather limited, and solely originates from high resolution numerical studies over idealized terrain and for idealized forcing. At the same time it is realized that large-scale weather forecast models encounter problems with forecasting winds and temperatures in the stable boundary layer. Therefore it is tempting to further investigate the role of gravity wave drag on the SBL in a climatological sense, and as such this study extends earlier results from Steeneveld et al (2009) for a broader range of weather conditions and time frame. In order to do so, we run the high resolution WRF single column model in for the Great Plains (USA) area, which is characterized by small scale orography (amplitude ~10 m, wave length

AB - The stable boundary layer (SBL) is of particular interest for numerous environmental issues as air quality, aviation, fog forecasting, wind energy engineering, and climate modelling. Unfortunately the current understanding of the SBL is still rather poor, and progress is slow. The relatively poor understanding of the SBL is a direct consequence of the multiplicity of small-scale processes which may occur at the same time in the SBL. One of such a processes is generation of orographic induced gravity waves. In night-time stable conditions undulating orography in the landscape may trigger gravity wave propagation. Until now the quantitative role of orographic induced gravity wave drag to the total momentum budget of the SBL is rather limited, and solely originates from high resolution numerical studies over idealized terrain and for idealized forcing. At the same time it is realized that large-scale weather forecast models encounter problems with forecasting winds and temperatures in the stable boundary layer. Therefore it is tempting to further investigate the role of gravity wave drag on the SBL in a climatological sense, and as such this study extends earlier results from Steeneveld et al (2009) for a broader range of weather conditions and time frame. In order to do so, we run the high resolution WRF single column model in for the Great Plains (USA) area, which is characterized by small scale orography (amplitude ~10 m, wave length

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 29

BT - 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society (9-13 July 2012, Boston, MA)

PB - American Meteorological Society

CY - Boston

ER -

Kleczek MA, Steeneveld GJ, Nappo CJ, Holtslag AAM. Towards a climatology of orographic induced wave drag in the stable boundary layer over real terrain. In 20th Symposium on Boundary Layers and Turbulence/18th Conference on Air-Sea Interaction, American Meteorological Society (9-13 July 2012, Boston, MA). Boston: American Meteorological Society. 2012. p. 29