Tomato late blight (Phytophthora infestans) in Uganda

J. Tumwine, H.D. Frinking, M.J. Jeger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A survey on the tomato late blight situation and current practices for disease management was carried out in Uganda using an informal structured questionnaire approach. Ten districts from different agroclimatic zones were selected for the survey. Phytophthora infestans isolates from tomatoes were obtained from the zones and only the A1 mating type was recovered. Tomato cultivation is practised year-round. The major commercial varieties grown, Moneymaker, Marglobe, Heinz and Roma, were susceptible to late blight. Late blight and bacterial wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) were the major diseases, with bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera) and thrips (Thrips spp.) the major insect pests. Fungicides, mostly mancozeb, were the predominant control method used by farmers. Sanitation is practised by some farmers, but only in association with fungicides, to control late blight. Plant nutrition is not perceived as playing a major role in late blight management. Problems associated with pesticides and poor marketability were identified as major constraints to tomato production in Uganda.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
JournalInternational Journal of Pest Management
Volume48
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

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