Tissue tropism and pathology of highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N6 virus in chickens and Pekin ducks

Sandra Vreman, Saskia A. Bergervoet, Rob Zwart, Norbert Stockhofe-Zurwieden, Nancy Beerens*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N6 virus caused outbreaks on commercial poultry farms in the Netherlands in 2017–2018, holding chickens and Pekin ducks. Intravenous pathogenicity index (IVPI) tests confirmed the high pathogenicity of the virus. Tissues derived from birds from infected farms (natural infection) and IVPI tests (experimental infection) were used to compare histopathology and virus distribution in both poultry species. After natural infection in chickens, histopathologic changes were present in the respiratory tract and several internal organs in both chickens and Pekin ducks. Viral antigen expression in the tissues of chickens varied from that in ducks. Virus expression was found in epithelial, mononuclear and endothelial cells in chickens. In contrast to the major role infected endothelial cells seem to play in systemic infections of chickens, in ducks the number of infected endothelial cells was very limited. Therefore, endothelial cell infection likely does not play a major role in systemic infection and disease progression in HPAI H5N6 virus infected Pekin ducks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalResearch in Veterinary Science
Volume146
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022

Keywords

  • Chickens
  • Endothelial cells
  • H5N6
  • Highly pathogenic avian influenza
  • Natural infection
  • Pekin ducks

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