Time-dependent effect of composted tannery sludge on the chemical and microbial properties of soil

Ricardo Silva de Sousa, Vilma Maria Santos, Wanderley Jose de Melo, Luis Alfredo Pinheiro Leal Nunes, Paul J. van den Brink, Ademir Sérgio Ferreira Araújo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Composting has been suggested as an efficient method for tannery sludge recycling before its application to the soil. However, the application of composted tannery sludge (CTS) should be monitored to evaluate its effect on the chemical and microbial properties of soil. This study evaluated the time-dependent effect of CTS on the chemical and microbial properties of soil. CTS was applied at 0, 2.5, 5, 10, and 20 Mg ha−1 and the soil chemical and microbial properties were evaluated at 0, 45, 75, 150, and 180 days. Increased CTS rates increased the levels of Ca, Cr, and Mg. While Soil pH, organic C, and P increased with the CTS rates initially, this effect decreased over time. Soil microbial biomass, respiration, metabolic quotient, and dehydrogenase increased with the application of CTS, but decreased over time. Analysis of the Principal Response Curve showed a significant effect of CTS rate on the chemical and microbial properties of the soil over time. The weight of each variable indicated that all soil properties, except β-glucosidase, dehydrogenase and microbial quotient, increased due to the CTS application. However, the highest weights were found for Cr, pH, Ca, P, phosphatase and total organic C. The application of CTS in the soil changed the chemical and microbial properties over time, indicating Cr, pH, Ca, phosphatase, and soil respiration as the more responsive chemical and microbial variables by CTS application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1366-1377
JournalEcotoxicology
Volume26
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Ecotoxicology
  • Soil pollution
  • Soil properties
  • Waste management

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    de Sousa, R. S., Santos, V. M., de Melo, W. J., Nunes, L. A. P. L., van den Brink, P. J., & Araújo, A. S. F. (2017). Time-dependent effect of composted tannery sludge on the chemical and microbial properties of soil. Ecotoxicology, 26(10), 1366-1377. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10646-017-1861-9