Three-fold embeddedness of farm development

R.G. Methorst, D. Roep, J.A.A.M. Verstegen

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paperAcademic


Farm development strategy is affected by, and affects, the biophysical and socio-economic context of the farm leading to agri-environmental challenges for farm development. For effective policies and support programmes it is important to understand the drivers for choices farm development. Three-fold embeddedness is used to study how farmers relate to the context in which they operate. Ideal-typical farms were constructed for three patterns of farm development found in a quantitative study of dairy farmers operating in highly comparable conditions. The patterns are 1) Milk Max: maximising total milk production; 2) Milk Balance: optimising milk production based on own resources; and 3) Milk Plus: diversified on-farm production. Their embeddedness in three sets of relations were conceptualised as: 1) value chain relations, 2) socio-cultural relations, and 3) resource relations. The extent of the embeddedness has been determined on a scale ranging from a Close to a Stretched set of relations. These ideal-typical farm types showed to have different sets of relations for the three dimensions. A set of relations that is stretched outside the everyday routine of dairy farming appears to be important for farmers’ perception of options for farm development
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event14th Rural Entrepenership Conference: REC2016 -
Duration: 15 Jun 201617 Jun 2016


Conference14th Rural Entrepenership Conference
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