Thioflavin T fluorescence assay for ß-lactoglobulin fibrils hindered by DAPH

A. Kroes-Nijboer, Y.S. Lubbersen, P. Venema, E. van der Linden

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17 Citations (Scopus)


The molecule 4,5-dianilinophthalimide was recently found to be an efficient compound in disaggregating amyloid fibrils involved in the Alzheimer¿s disease. In this study we have investigated whether the compound 4,5-dianilinophthalimide was able to disaggregate fibrils derived from ß-lactoglobulin. In addition to a Thioflavin T fluorescence assay, flow-induced birefringence was used as an independent technique to measure the total length concentration of the fibrils. An additional advantage of the latter technique is that not only the total length concentration, but also the length distribution of the fibrils can be measured. The results from flow-induced birefringence showed that the total amount of fibrils and also the length distribution of the fibrils was not influenced by the addition of 4,5-dianilinophthalimide, even though this was suggested by the results of the Thioflavin T assay. The results of flow-induced birefringence were confirmed by rheological measurements and transmission electron microscopy. Our findings show that the use of a Thioflavin T assay in order to probe the possible disaggregating effect of certain compounds can give misleading results.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-145
JournalJournal of Structural Biology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009


  • amyloid fibrils
  • ph 2
  • aggregation
  • mechanism
  • binding


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