Thermoregulatory and behavioral characteristics of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions

J. Gorssen

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WUAcademic

Abstract

<p>Transport is an essential component of racing pigeon contests. Preliminary studies indicated that adverse transport conditions might contribute to the occurrence of flight losses. Flight losses consist of pigeons which do not return to their home loft. In this thesis, physical and social aspects of the transport environment were studied in relation to the thermoregulation and behavior of racing pigeons. In all experiments, the pigeons were group confined to a transport crate during at least 23 h. A combination of continuous heat exposure and water deprivation results in an increased heat production, body weight loss, and body temperature. The effect of ambient temperature on heat production varies both between and within photoperiods. Water deprivation affects this diurnal variation. Temperature fluctuations during heat exposure increase locomotor activity and body weight loss. At the space allowance levels currently used during transport, aggression related behavior is predominant within a group of pigeons. Aggression levels do not decrease with time. Aggressive interactions cause an increased activity-related heat production, and result in head injuries. Head injuries are less severe in groups of female pigeons compared to groups of male pigeons. With increasing space allowance levels, both the risk of having major head injuries and the occurrence of aggression-related behavior decrease.
LanguageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Noordhuizen, J.P.T.M., Promotor, External person
  • Verstegen, Martin, Promotor
  • Schrama, Johan, Promotor
Award date1 Nov 1995
Place of PublicationS.l.
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789054854456
Publication statusPublished - 1995

Fingerprint

racing pigeons
pigeons
heat production
aggression
water deprivation
weight loss
flight
heat
crates
body weight
thermoregulation
diurnal variation
body temperature
locomotion
ambient temperature
photoperiod
temperature

Keywords

  • animal behaviour
  • body temperature
  • thermoregulation
  • body temperature regulation
  • pigeons
  • racing animals
  • hunting
  • working animals
  • transport of animals

Cite this

@phdthesis{dfe3f0397f7a4506b9a999a9daf79ce3,
title = "Thermoregulatory and behavioral characteristics of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions",
abstract = "Transport is an essential component of racing pigeon contests. Preliminary studies indicated that adverse transport conditions might contribute to the occurrence of flight losses. Flight losses consist of pigeons which do not return to their home loft. In this thesis, physical and social aspects of the transport environment were studied in relation to the thermoregulation and behavior of racing pigeons. In all experiments, the pigeons were group confined to a transport crate during at least 23 h. A combination of continuous heat exposure and water deprivation results in an increased heat production, body weight loss, and body temperature. The effect of ambient temperature on heat production varies both between and within photoperiods. Water deprivation affects this diurnal variation. Temperature fluctuations during heat exposure increase locomotor activity and body weight loss. At the space allowance levels currently used during transport, aggression related behavior is predominant within a group of pigeons. Aggression levels do not decrease with time. Aggressive interactions cause an increased activity-related heat production, and result in head injuries. Head injuries are less severe in groups of female pigeons compared to groups of male pigeons. With increasing space allowance levels, both the risk of having major head injuries and the occurrence of aggression-related behavior decrease.",
keywords = "diergedrag, lichaamstemperatuur, thermoregulatie, regulatie van de lichaamstemperatuur, duiven, wedstrijddieren, jagen, werkdieren, veevervoer, animal behaviour, body temperature, thermoregulation, body temperature regulation, pigeons, racing animals, hunting, working animals, transport of animals",
author = "J. Gorssen",
note = "WU thesis 2003 Proefschrift Wageningen",
year = "1995",
language = "English",
isbn = "9789054854456",
publisher = "Gorssen",

}

Thermoregulatory and behavioral characteristics of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions. / Gorssen, J.

S.l. : Gorssen, 1995. 157 p.

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WUAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Thermoregulatory and behavioral characteristics of racing pigeons housed under transport conditions

AU - Gorssen, J.

N1 - WU thesis 2003 Proefschrift Wageningen

PY - 1995

Y1 - 1995

N2 - Transport is an essential component of racing pigeon contests. Preliminary studies indicated that adverse transport conditions might contribute to the occurrence of flight losses. Flight losses consist of pigeons which do not return to their home loft. In this thesis, physical and social aspects of the transport environment were studied in relation to the thermoregulation and behavior of racing pigeons. In all experiments, the pigeons were group confined to a transport crate during at least 23 h. A combination of continuous heat exposure and water deprivation results in an increased heat production, body weight loss, and body temperature. The effect of ambient temperature on heat production varies both between and within photoperiods. Water deprivation affects this diurnal variation. Temperature fluctuations during heat exposure increase locomotor activity and body weight loss. At the space allowance levels currently used during transport, aggression related behavior is predominant within a group of pigeons. Aggression levels do not decrease with time. Aggressive interactions cause an increased activity-related heat production, and result in head injuries. Head injuries are less severe in groups of female pigeons compared to groups of male pigeons. With increasing space allowance levels, both the risk of having major head injuries and the occurrence of aggression-related behavior decrease.

AB - Transport is an essential component of racing pigeon contests. Preliminary studies indicated that adverse transport conditions might contribute to the occurrence of flight losses. Flight losses consist of pigeons which do not return to their home loft. In this thesis, physical and social aspects of the transport environment were studied in relation to the thermoregulation and behavior of racing pigeons. In all experiments, the pigeons were group confined to a transport crate during at least 23 h. A combination of continuous heat exposure and water deprivation results in an increased heat production, body weight loss, and body temperature. The effect of ambient temperature on heat production varies both between and within photoperiods. Water deprivation affects this diurnal variation. Temperature fluctuations during heat exposure increase locomotor activity and body weight loss. At the space allowance levels currently used during transport, aggression related behavior is predominant within a group of pigeons. Aggression levels do not decrease with time. Aggressive interactions cause an increased activity-related heat production, and result in head injuries. Head injuries are less severe in groups of female pigeons compared to groups of male pigeons. With increasing space allowance levels, both the risk of having major head injuries and the occurrence of aggression-related behavior decrease.

KW - diergedrag

KW - lichaamstemperatuur

KW - thermoregulatie

KW - regulatie van de lichaamstemperatuur

KW - duiven

KW - wedstrijddieren

KW - jagen

KW - werkdieren

KW - veevervoer

KW - animal behaviour

KW - body temperature

KW - thermoregulation

KW - body temperature regulation

KW - pigeons

KW - racing animals

KW - hunting

KW - working animals

KW - transport of animals

M3 - internal PhD, WU

SN - 9789054854456

PB - Gorssen

CY - S.l.

ER -