Thermal Preference of Juvenile Dover Sole (Solea solea) in Relation to Thermal Acclimation and Optimal Growth Temperature

E. Schram, S.M. Bierman, L.R. Teal, H. van de Vis, A.D. Rijnsdorp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dover sole (Solea solea) is an obligate ectotherm with a natural thermal habitat ranging from approximately 5 to 27°C. Thermal optima for growth lie in the range of 20 to 25°C. More precise information on thermal optima for growth is needed for cost-effective Dover sole aquaculture. The main objective of this study was to determine the optimal growth temperature of juvenile Dover sole (Solea solea) and in addition to test the hypothesis that the final preferendum equals the optimal growth temperature. Temperature preference was measured in a circular preference chamber for Dover sole acclimated to 18, 22 and 28°C. Optimal growth temperature was measured by rearing Dover sole at 19, 22, 25 and 28°C. The optimal growth temperature resulting from this growth experiment was 22.7°C for Dover sole with a size between 30 to 50 g. The temperature preferred by juvenile Dover sole increases with acclimation temperature and exceeds the optimal temperature for growth. A final preferendum could not be detected. Although a confounding effect of behavioural fever on temperature preference could not be entirely excluded, thermal preference and thermal optima for physiological processes seem to be unrelated in Dover sole
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere61357
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • turbot scophthalmus-maximus
  • final preferendum
  • climate-change
  • fish
  • senegalensis
  • ectotherms
  • physiology
  • conversion
  • tolerance
  • ecology

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