The Use of Genomics in Conservation Management of the Endangered Visayan Warty Pig (Sus cebifrons)

Rascha J.M. Nuijten, Mirte Bosse, Richard P.M.A. Crooijmans, Ole Madsen, Willem Schaftenaar, Oliver A. Ryder, Martien A.M. Groenen, Hendrik Jan Megens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The list of threatened and endangered species is growing rapidly, due to various anthropogenic causes. Many endangered species are present in captivity and actively managed in breeding programs in which often little is known about the founder individuals. Recent developments in genetic research techniques have made it possible to sequence and study whole genomes. In this study we used the critically endangered Visayan warty pig (Sus cebifrons) as a case study to test the use of genomic information as a tool in conservation management. Two captive populations of S. cebifrons exist, which originated from two different Philippine islands. We found some evidence for a recent split between the two island populations; however all individuals that were sequenced show a similar demographic history. Evidence for both past and recent inbreeding indicated that the founders were at least to some extent related. Together with this, the low level of nucleotide diversity compared to other Sus species potentially poses a threat to the viability of the captive populations. In conclusion, genomic techniques answered some important questions about this critically endangered mammal and can be a valuable toolset to inform future conservation management in other species as well.

LanguageEnglish
Article number5613862
JournalInternational journal of genomcs
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Endangered Species
Genomics
Conservation
Swine
Islands
Mammals
Population
Genetic Techniques
Genetic Research
Philippines
Inbreeding
Nucleotides
Genes
Breeding
Research Design
Demography
Genome

Cite this

@article{ca6058c179a2480982cfe4bb91fcc62e,
title = "The Use of Genomics in Conservation Management of the Endangered Visayan Warty Pig (Sus cebifrons)",
abstract = "The list of threatened and endangered species is growing rapidly, due to various anthropogenic causes. Many endangered species are present in captivity and actively managed in breeding programs in which often little is known about the founder individuals. Recent developments in genetic research techniques have made it possible to sequence and study whole genomes. In this study we used the critically endangered Visayan warty pig (Sus cebifrons) as a case study to test the use of genomic information as a tool in conservation management. Two captive populations of S. cebifrons exist, which originated from two different Philippine islands. We found some evidence for a recent split between the two island populations; however all individuals that were sequenced show a similar demographic history. Evidence for both past and recent inbreeding indicated that the founders were at least to some extent related. Together with this, the low level of nucleotide diversity compared to other Sus species potentially poses a threat to the viability of the captive populations. In conclusion, genomic techniques answered some important questions about this critically endangered mammal and can be a valuable toolset to inform future conservation management in other species as well.",
author = "Nuijten, {Rascha J.M.} and Mirte Bosse and Crooijmans, {Richard P.M.A.} and Ole Madsen and Willem Schaftenaar and Ryder, {Oliver A.} and Groenen, {Martien A.M.} and Megens, {Hendrik Jan}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1155/2016/5613862",
language = "English",
volume = "2016",
journal = "International journal of genomcs",
issn = "2314-436X",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

The Use of Genomics in Conservation Management of the Endangered Visayan Warty Pig (Sus cebifrons). / Nuijten, Rascha J.M.; Bosse, Mirte; Crooijmans, Richard P.M.A.; Madsen, Ole; Schaftenaar, Willem; Ryder, Oliver A.; Groenen, Martien A.M.; Megens, Hendrik Jan.

In: International journal of genomcs, Vol. 2016, 5613862, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Use of Genomics in Conservation Management of the Endangered Visayan Warty Pig (Sus cebifrons)

AU - Nuijten, Rascha J.M.

AU - Bosse, Mirte

AU - Crooijmans, Richard P.M.A.

AU - Madsen, Ole

AU - Schaftenaar, Willem

AU - Ryder, Oliver A.

AU - Groenen, Martien A.M.

AU - Megens, Hendrik Jan

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The list of threatened and endangered species is growing rapidly, due to various anthropogenic causes. Many endangered species are present in captivity and actively managed in breeding programs in which often little is known about the founder individuals. Recent developments in genetic research techniques have made it possible to sequence and study whole genomes. In this study we used the critically endangered Visayan warty pig (Sus cebifrons) as a case study to test the use of genomic information as a tool in conservation management. Two captive populations of S. cebifrons exist, which originated from two different Philippine islands. We found some evidence for a recent split between the two island populations; however all individuals that were sequenced show a similar demographic history. Evidence for both past and recent inbreeding indicated that the founders were at least to some extent related. Together with this, the low level of nucleotide diversity compared to other Sus species potentially poses a threat to the viability of the captive populations. In conclusion, genomic techniques answered some important questions about this critically endangered mammal and can be a valuable toolset to inform future conservation management in other species as well.

AB - The list of threatened and endangered species is growing rapidly, due to various anthropogenic causes. Many endangered species are present in captivity and actively managed in breeding programs in which often little is known about the founder individuals. Recent developments in genetic research techniques have made it possible to sequence and study whole genomes. In this study we used the critically endangered Visayan warty pig (Sus cebifrons) as a case study to test the use of genomic information as a tool in conservation management. Two captive populations of S. cebifrons exist, which originated from two different Philippine islands. We found some evidence for a recent split between the two island populations; however all individuals that were sequenced show a similar demographic history. Evidence for both past and recent inbreeding indicated that the founders were at least to some extent related. Together with this, the low level of nucleotide diversity compared to other Sus species potentially poses a threat to the viability of the captive populations. In conclusion, genomic techniques answered some important questions about this critically endangered mammal and can be a valuable toolset to inform future conservation management in other species as well.

U2 - 10.1155/2016/5613862

DO - 10.1155/2016/5613862

M3 - Article

VL - 2016

JO - International journal of genomcs

T2 - International journal of genomcs

JF - International journal of genomcs

SN - 2314-436X

M1 - 5613862

ER -