The use of fluorescent probes to assess viability of the plant pathogenic bacterium Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis by flow cytometry

L.G. Chitarra, P. Breeuwer, T. Abee, R.W. van den Bulk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Determination of the viability of bacteria by the conventional plating technique is a time-consuming process. Methods based on enzyme activity or membrane integrity are much faster and may be good alternatives. Assessment of the viability of suspensions of the plant pathogenic bacterium Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Cmm) using the fluorescent probes Calcein acetoxy methyl ester (Calcein AM), carboxyfluorescein diacetate (cFDA), and propidium iodide (PI) in combination with flow cytometry was evaluated. Heat-treated and viable (non-treated) Cmm cells labeled with Calcein AM, cFDA, PI, or combinations of Calcein AM and cFDA with PI, could be distinguished based on their fluorescence intensity in flow cytometry analysis. Non-treated cells showed relatively high green fluorescence levels due to staining with either Calcein AM or cFDA, whereas damaged cells (heat-treated) showed high red fluorescence levels due to staining with PI. Flow cytometry also allowed a rapid quantification of viable Cmm cells labeled with Calcein AM or cFDA and heat-treated cells labeled with PI. Therefore, the application of flow cytometry in combination with fluorescent probes appears to be a promising technique for assessing viability of Cmm cells when cells are labeled with Calcein AM or the combination of Calcein AM with PI
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-356
JournalFitopatologia Brasileira
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Calcein AM
  • cFDA
  • Propidium iodide

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