The Tomato spotted wilt virus cell-to-cell movement protein (NSM) triggers a hypersensitive response in Sw-5 containing resistant tomato lines and Nicotiana benthamiana transformed with the functional Sw-5b resistance gene copy.

M. Hallwass, A. Silva de Oliveira, E.C. Dianese, D. Lohuis, L.S. Boiteux, A.K. Inoue-Nagata, R.O. de Resende, R.J.M. Kormelink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the Sw-5 gene cluster has been cloned, and Sw-5b has been identified as the functional gene copy that confers resistance to Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), its avirulence (Avr) determinant has not been identified to date. Nicotiana tabacum SR1 plants transformed with a copy of the Sw-5b gene are immune without producing a clear visual response on challenge with TSWV, whereas it is shown here that N.benthamiana transformed with Sw-5b gives a rapid and conspicuous hypersensitive response (HR). Using these plants, from all structural and non-structural TSWV proteins tested, the TSWV cell-to-cell movement protein (NSM) was confirmed as the Avr determinant using a Potato virus X (PVX) replicon or a non-replicative pEAQ-HT expression vector system. HR was induced in Sw-5b-transgenic N.benthamiana as well as in resistant near-isogenic tomato lines after agroinfiltration with a functional cell-to-cell movement protein (NSM) from a resistance-inducing (RI) TSWV strain (BR-01), but not with NSM from a Sw-5 resistance-breaking (RB) strain (GRAU). This is the first biological demonstration that Sw-5-mediated resistance is triggered by the TSWV NSM cell-to-cell movement protein.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-880
JournalMolecular Plant Pathology
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • mosaic-virus
  • lycopersicon-esculentum
  • nonstructural protein
  • capsicum-chinense
  • coat protein
  • plant-cells
  • rna segment
  • tswv
  • tospovirus
  • tobacco

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