The socioeconomic vulnerability index: A pragmatic approach for assessing climate-change led risks-A case study in southwestern coastal Bangladesh

N. Ahsan Bapon, J.F. Warner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We develop a Socioeconomic Vulnerability Index (SeVI) for climate change affected communities in seven unions1 of Koyra upazilla 2 in south-western coastal Bangladesh. We survey 60 households from each union to collect data on various vulnerability domains and socioeconomic indicators. The SeVI aggregate these collected data using a composite indicator index, where a relative weight is assigned to each indicator with a view to obtaining weighted average index scores for different vulnerability domains in different unions. Results suggest that southern and south-eastern unions are relatively more vulnerable, which are the most exposed to natural hazards and mostly surrounded by the mangrove forest Sundarbans. Furthermore- social, economic and disaster frequency are found as more influential indicators to adaptive capacity, sensitivity and exposure respectively in Koyra. This pragmatic approach is useful to figure out and monitor socioeconomic vulnerability and/or assess potential adaptation-policy effectiveness in data scarce regions by incorporating scenarios into the SeVI for baseline comparison.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-49
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • adaptive capacity
  • social vulnerability
  • multiple stressors
  • natural hazards
  • cyclone sidr
  • adaptation
  • indicators
  • framework
  • level
  • uncertainty

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