The roles of the sole activator-type auxin response factor in pattern formation of marchantia polymorpha

Hirotaka Kato, Masaru Kouno, Mayuko Takeda, Hidemasa Suzuki, Kimitsune Ishizaki, Ryuichi Nishihama, Takayuki Kohchi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cell division patterning is important to determine body shape in plants. Nuclear auxin signaling mediated by AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR (ARF) transcription factors affects plant growth and development through regulation of cell division, elongation and differentiation. The evolutionary origin of the ARF-mediated pathway dates back to at least the common ancestor of bryophytes and other land plants. The liverwort Marchantia polymorpha has three phylogenetically distinct ARFs: MpARF1, the sole ‘activator’ ARF; and MpARF2 and MpARF3, two ‘repressor’ ARFs. Genetic screens for auxin-resistant mutants revealed that loss of MpARF1 function conferred auxin insensitivity. Mparf1 mutants showed reduced auxin-inducible gene expression and various developmental defects, including thallus twisting and gemma malformation. We further investigated the role of MpARF1 in gemma development, which is traceable at the cellular level. In wild-type plants, a gemma initial first undergoes several transverse divisions to generate a single-celled stalk and a gemma proper, followed by rather synchronous longitudinal divisions in the latter. Mparf1 mutants often contained multicelled stalks and showed defects in the execution and timing of the longitudinal divisions. While wild-type gemmae finally generate two meristem notches, Mparf1 gemmae displayed various numbers of ectopic meristems. These results suggest that MpARF1 regulates formative cell divisions and axis formation through auxin responses. The mechanism for activator ARF regulation of pattern formation may be shared in land plants and therefore important for the general acquisition of three-dimensional body plans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1642-1651
JournalPlant and Cell Physiology
Volume58
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • ARF
  • Auxin
  • Bryophyte
  • Cell division
  • Pattern formation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The roles of the sole activator-type auxin response factor in pattern formation of marchantia polymorpha'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this