The role of bioinformatics in a global attempt to fight hunger

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterProfessional

    Abstract

    The world is facing a ‘perfect storm’ and we need to be prepared. The increasing shortages of food, water and fuel in a changing climate will create huge human suffering, conflicts and migration if they are not properly tackled within the next two decades. This will require a large mobilization of funds and human capacity, in which scientists will play a very important role. The ‘Next Green Revolution’ that will be needed amongst many other things to feed the growing world population will be driven by genomics. The rapidly developing genomic knowledge and analytical capacity will allow us improve crop varieties in a much more targeted way allowing them to grow where they could not grow before, yield more and require less inputs. Bioinformatics will, obviously, play a vital role in this process. This role is at the level of generating knowledge about the function of the genome, unraveling genomic pathways, but more importantly at the level of identifying useful diversity, genes and alleles, and transferring these rapidly into adapted varieties. Diversity analysis, allele mining and marker assisted breeding support plant breeders in doing what they have always done, make better varieties. But with the support of the proper bioinformatics, it will have a much larger domain in terms of the genetic diversity that can act as source of genes and alleles, and it will have a much higher speed, allowing very rapid introgression of desired genes in desired backgrounds. The experiences of the Generation Challenge Programme, an international program working in this area, will be used as source of examples.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication statusPublished - 2010
    EventAnnual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy - Crop Science Society of America - Soil Science Society of America "Green Revolution -
    Duration: 1 Nov 2010 → …

    Conference

    ConferenceAnnual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy - Crop Science Society of America - Soil Science Society of America "Green Revolution
    Period1/11/10 → …

    Fingerprint

    hunger
    bioinformatics
    alleles
    genomics
    food shortages
    genes
    plant breeders
    introgression
    climate change
    genetic variation
    genome
    breeding
    cultivars
    water

    Cite this

    van Hintum, T. J. L. (2010). The role of bioinformatics in a global attempt to fight hunger. Poster session presented at Annual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy - Crop Science Society of America - Soil Science Society of America "Green Revolution, .
    van Hintum, T.J.L. / The role of bioinformatics in a global attempt to fight hunger. Poster session presented at Annual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy - Crop Science Society of America - Soil Science Society of America "Green Revolution, .
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    abstract = "The world is facing a ‘perfect storm’ and we need to be prepared. The increasing shortages of food, water and fuel in a changing climate will create huge human suffering, conflicts and migration if they are not properly tackled within the next two decades. This will require a large mobilization of funds and human capacity, in which scientists will play a very important role. The ‘Next Green Revolution’ that will be needed amongst many other things to feed the growing world population will be driven by genomics. The rapidly developing genomic knowledge and analytical capacity will allow us improve crop varieties in a much more targeted way allowing them to grow where they could not grow before, yield more and require less inputs. Bioinformatics will, obviously, play a vital role in this process. This role is at the level of generating knowledge about the function of the genome, unraveling genomic pathways, but more importantly at the level of identifying useful diversity, genes and alleles, and transferring these rapidly into adapted varieties. Diversity analysis, allele mining and marker assisted breeding support plant breeders in doing what they have always done, make better varieties. But with the support of the proper bioinformatics, it will have a much larger domain in terms of the genetic diversity that can act as source of genes and alleles, and it will have a much higher speed, allowing very rapid introgression of desired genes in desired backgrounds. The experiences of the Generation Challenge Programme, an international program working in this area, will be used as source of examples.",
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    year = "2010",
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    van Hintum, TJL 2010, 'The role of bioinformatics in a global attempt to fight hunger' Annual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy - Crop Science Society of America - Soil Science Society of America "Green Revolution, 1/11/10, .

    The role of bioinformatics in a global attempt to fight hunger. / van Hintum, T.J.L.

    2010. Poster session presented at Annual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy - Crop Science Society of America - Soil Science Society of America "Green Revolution, .

    Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterProfessional

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    van Hintum TJL. The role of bioinformatics in a global attempt to fight hunger. 2010. Poster session presented at Annual meeting of the American Society of Agronomy - Crop Science Society of America - Soil Science Society of America "Green Revolution, .