Current western food consumption is associated with a high ecological impact. A way to reduce this impact is to shift to more sustainable food choices. This study investigates consumer attitudes towards more sustainable food choices. The alternatives under study range from well-known meat substitutes to alternatives which are more radical or innovative and that require an adaptation of food habits and cultural patterns. Findings are based on responses of 221 Flemish consumers to a survey conducted in Spring 2011. Results revealed an underestimation of the ecological impact of animal production. Further consumers accepted well-known alternatives such as organic meat, moderation of meat consumption and sustainable fish, although their willingness to pay was pronouncedly lower than their willingness to consume. Consumers were more reluctant to alternatives that (partly) ban or replace meat. Opportunities of introducing insects were non-existent. A segmentation analysis based on selfevaluated ecological footprint and personal relevance of the ecological footprint revealed five consumer segments, termed Conscious, Active, Unwilling, Ignorant and Uncertain. Each segment is defined in terms of demographics, attitudinal and behavioral characteristics. Opportunities for sustainable food choices in each segment are discussed.
|Title of host publication||The Ethics of Consumption|
|Subtitle of host publication||The Citizen, the Market and the Law|
|Editors||Helena Röcklinsberg, Per Sandin|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 29 Aug 2013|
- Ecological footprint
- Meat substitutes