The relationship between air lead and blood lead in children: a critical review

B. Brunekreef

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    47 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A review is given of community studies from which the relationship between air lead and blood lead in children of varying ages can be estimated. The review covers nineteen different studies which were carried out in ten different countries.

    The blood lead/air lead relationship is denoted with the symbol ‘α’. It is concluded that for children, a wide range of α-values can be estimated from the data in the different studies. Most values center on 3–5 rather than the 1–2 which is usually reported for adults. However, adjustment for confounders has been absent or incomplete in most, if not all studies. Most α-estimates thus have to be viewed with caution.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)79-123
    JournalScience of the Total Environment
    Volume38
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1984

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