The R3 resistance to Phytophthora infestans in potato is conferred by two closely linked R genes with distinct specificities

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Abstract

The R3 locus of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) confers full resistance to avirulent isolates of Phytophthora infestans, the causal agent of late blight. R3 resides in the distal part of chromosome 11 and segregates in a potato mapping population, from which a well-saturated amplified fragment length polymorphism map is available. Using a population of 1,748 plants, we constructed a high-resolution genetic map at the R3 locus. Using the combination of fine mapping and accurate disease testing with specific P infestans isolates, we detected that the R3 locus is composed of two genes with distinct specificities. The two genes R3a and R3b are 0.4 cM apart and have both been introgressed from S. demissum, the 'donor' species of most characterized race-specific R genes to P infestans. A natural recombinant between R3a and R3b was discovered in one accession of S. demissum. The synteny between the R3 locus and the tomato 12 locus is discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)428-435
JournalMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions
Volume17
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004

Keywords

  • broad-spectrum resistance
  • race-specific resistance
  • disease resistance
  • hypersensitive response
  • comparative genetics
  • cladosporium-fulvum
  • nucleotide-binding
  • late blight
  • tomato
  • plants

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