The proximate determinants of economic development since 1913: A historical study

D. Gallardo Albarrán, Robert Inklaar

Research output: Non-textual formWeb publication/siteAcademic

Abstract

Modern economic growth has improved the lives of millions in an unprecedented way, but its unequal progression across the globe has resulted in high income inequality. Most of the cross-country differences in income levels are typically attributed to differences in productivity rather than to physical or human capital accumulation. This column argues that this has not always been the case: physical capital accounted for a much larger fraction of income variation at the beginning of the 20th century. More generally, the results of the study call for a reevaluation of the long-term determinants of relative economic performance over time.
Original languageEnglish
Place of Publicationonline
Media of outputOnline
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2020

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