The Predictive Adaptive Response: Modeling the Life-History Evolution of the Butterfly

J. van den Heuvel, M. Saastamoinen, P.M. Brakefield, T.B. Kirkwood, B.J. Zwaan, D.P. Shanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A predictive adaptive response (PAR) is a type of developmental plasticity where the response to an environmental cue is not immediately advantageous but instead is later in life. The PAR is a way for organisms to maximize fitness in varying environments. Insects living in seasonal environments are valuable model systems for testing the existence and form of PAR. Previous manipulations of the larval and the adult environments of the butterfly Bicyclus anynana have shown that individuals that were food restricted during the larval stage coped better with forced flight during the adult stage compared to those with optimal conditions in the larval stage. Here, we describe a state-dependent energy allocation model, which we use to test whether such a response to food restriction could be adaptive in nature where this butterfly exhibits seasonal cycles. The results from the model confirm the responses obtained in our previous experimental work and show how such an outcome was facilitated by resource allocation patterns to the thorax during the pupal stage. We conclude that for B. anynana, early-stage cues can direct development toward a better adapted phenotype later in life and, therefore, that a PAR has evolved in this species
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E28-E42
JournalAmerican Naturalist
Volume181
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

butterfly
butterflies
life history
modeling
food
resource allocation
thorax
phenotype
fitness
flight
testing
insect
insects
organisms
energy
test
organism
allocation

Keywords

  • phenotypic plasticity
  • metabolic syndrome
  • body-size
  • adaptation
  • starvation
  • growth
  • flight
  • lepidoptera
  • temperature
  • hypothesis

Cite this

van den Heuvel, J., Saastamoinen, M., Brakefield, P. M., Kirkwood, T. B., Zwaan, B. J., & Shanley, D. P. (2013). The Predictive Adaptive Response: Modeling the Life-History Evolution of the Butterfly. American Naturalist, 181(2), E28-E42. https://doi.org/10.1086/668818
van den Heuvel, J. ; Saastamoinen, M. ; Brakefield, P.M. ; Kirkwood, T.B. ; Zwaan, B.J. ; Shanley, D.P. / The Predictive Adaptive Response: Modeling the Life-History Evolution of the Butterfly. In: American Naturalist. 2013 ; Vol. 181, No. 2. pp. E28-E42.
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abstract = "A predictive adaptive response (PAR) is a type of developmental plasticity where the response to an environmental cue is not immediately advantageous but instead is later in life. The PAR is a way for organisms to maximize fitness in varying environments. Insects living in seasonal environments are valuable model systems for testing the existence and form of PAR. Previous manipulations of the larval and the adult environments of the butterfly Bicyclus anynana have shown that individuals that were food restricted during the larval stage coped better with forced flight during the adult stage compared to those with optimal conditions in the larval stage. Here, we describe a state-dependent energy allocation model, which we use to test whether such a response to food restriction could be adaptive in nature where this butterfly exhibits seasonal cycles. The results from the model confirm the responses obtained in our previous experimental work and show how such an outcome was facilitated by resource allocation patterns to the thorax during the pupal stage. We conclude that for B. anynana, early-stage cues can direct development toward a better adapted phenotype later in life and, therefore, that a PAR has evolved in this species",
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van den Heuvel, J, Saastamoinen, M, Brakefield, PM, Kirkwood, TB, Zwaan, BJ & Shanley, DP 2013, 'The Predictive Adaptive Response: Modeling the Life-History Evolution of the Butterfly', American Naturalist, vol. 181, no. 2, pp. E28-E42. https://doi.org/10.1086/668818

The Predictive Adaptive Response: Modeling the Life-History Evolution of the Butterfly. / van den Heuvel, J.; Saastamoinen, M.; Brakefield, P.M.; Kirkwood, T.B.; Zwaan, B.J.; Shanley, D.P.

In: American Naturalist, Vol. 181, No. 2, 2013, p. E28-E42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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van den Heuvel J, Saastamoinen M, Brakefield PM, Kirkwood TB, Zwaan BJ, Shanley DP. The Predictive Adaptive Response: Modeling the Life-History Evolution of the Butterfly. American Naturalist. 2013;181(2):E28-E42. https://doi.org/10.1086/668818