The phase behavior of binary mixtures of ¿-oryzanol and ß-sitosterol and ternary mixtures of ¿-oryzanol and ß-sitosterol in sunflower oil was studied. Binary mixtures of ¿-oryzanol and ß-sitosterol show double-eutectic behavior. Complex phase behavior with two intermediate mixed solid phases was derived from differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) data, in which a compound that consists of ¿-oryzanol and ß-sitosterol molecules at a specific ratio can be formed. SAXS shows that the organization of ¿-oryzanol and ß-sitosterol in the mixed phases is different from the structure of tubules in ternary systems. Ternary mixtures including sunflower oil do not show a sudden structural transition from the compound to a tubule, but a gradual transition occurs as ¿-oryzanol and ß-sitosterol are diluted in edible oil. The same behavior is observed when melting binary mixtures of ¿-oryzanol and ß-sitosterol at higher temperatures. This indicates the feasibility of having an organogelling agent in dynamic exchange between solid and liquid phase, which is an essential feature of triglyceride networks.
|Journal||Journal of the American Oil Chemists Society|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
- Eutectic point
- Phase behavior
- Phase diagram