The Petunia ortholog of Arabidopsis SUPERMAN plays a distinct role in floral morphogenesis

H. Nakagawa, S.I.T. Ferrario, G.C. Angenent, A. Kobayashi, H. Takatsuji

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    43 Citations (Scopus)


    Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) SUPERMAN (SUP) plays a role in establishing a boundary between whorls 3 and 4 of flowers and in ovule development. We characterized a Petunia hybrida (petunia) homolog of SUP, designated PhSUP1, to compare with SUP. Genomic DNA of the PhSUP1 partially restored the stamen number and ovule development phenotypes of the Arabidopsis sup mutant. Two P. hybrida lines of transposon (dTph1) insertion mutants of PhSUP1 exhibited increased stamen number at the cost of normal carpel development, and ovule development was defective owing to aberrant growth of the integument. Unlike Arabidopsis sup mutants, phsup1 mutants also showed extra tissues connecting stamens, a petal tube and an ovary, and aberrancies in the development of anther and placenta. PhSUP1 transcripts occurred in the basal region of wild-type flowers around developing organ primordia in whorls 2 and 3 as well as in the funiculus of the ovule, concave regions of the placenta, and interthecal regions of developing anthers. Overexpression of PhSUP1 in P. hybrida resulted in size reduction of petals, leaves, and inflorescence stems. The shortening of inflorescence stems and petal tubes was primarily attributable to suppression of cell elongation, whereas a decrease in cell number was mainly responsible for the size reduction of petal limbs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)920-932
    JournalThe Plant Cell
    Publication statusPublished - 2004


    • mads box
    • ectopic expression
    • homeotic genes
    • cell-proliferation
    • transgenic petunia
    • flower development
    • meristem
    • protein
    • identity
    • domain

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