The onset of ecological diversification 50 years after colonization of a crater lake by haplochromine cichlid fishes

Florian N. Moser, Jacco C. van Rijssel, Salome Mwaiko, Joana I. Meier, Benjamin Ngatunga, Ole Seehausen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Adaptive radiation research typically relies on the study of evolution in retrospective, leaving the predictive value of the concept hard to evaluate. Several radiations, including the cichlid fishes in the East African Great Lakes, have been studied extensively, yet no study has investigated the onset of the intraspecific processes of niche expansion and differentiation shortly after colonization of an adaptive zone by cichlids. Haplochromine cichlids of one of the two lineages that seeded the Lake Victoria radiation recently arrived in Lake Chala, a lake perfectly suited for within-lake cichlid speciation. Here, we infer the colonization and demographic history, quantify phenotypic, ecological and genomic diversity and diversification, and investigate the selection regime to ask if the population shows signs of diversification resembling the onset of adaptive radiation. We find that since their arrival in the lake, haplochromines have colonized a wide range of depth habitats associated with ecological and morphological expansion and the beginning of phenotypic differentiation and potentially nascent speciation, consistent with the very early onset of an adaptive radiation process. Moreover, we demonstrate evidence of rugged phenotypic fitness surfaces, indicating that current ecological selection may contribute to the phenotypic diversification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number20180171
JournalProceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Volume285
Issue number1884
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Cichlids
crater lake
cichlid
Lakes
Fish
adaptive radiation
colonization
lakes
Radiation
lake
fish
Lake Victoria
Great Lakes
demographic history
niches
demographic statistics
Victoria
genomics
history
Ecosystem

Keywords

  • Adaptive radiation
  • Cichlid fish
  • Disruptive selection
  • Fitness surfaces
  • Incipient speciation
  • Niche expansion

Cite this

@article{a1854b854acb46ce8d60fbb34f472d59,
title = "The onset of ecological diversification 50 years after colonization of a crater lake by haplochromine cichlid fishes",
abstract = "Adaptive radiation research typically relies on the study of evolution in retrospective, leaving the predictive value of the concept hard to evaluate. Several radiations, including the cichlid fishes in the East African Great Lakes, have been studied extensively, yet no study has investigated the onset of the intraspecific processes of niche expansion and differentiation shortly after colonization of an adaptive zone by cichlids. Haplochromine cichlids of one of the two lineages that seeded the Lake Victoria radiation recently arrived in Lake Chala, a lake perfectly suited for within-lake cichlid speciation. Here, we infer the colonization and demographic history, quantify phenotypic, ecological and genomic diversity and diversification, and investigate the selection regime to ask if the population shows signs of diversification resembling the onset of adaptive radiation. We find that since their arrival in the lake, haplochromines have colonized a wide range of depth habitats associated with ecological and morphological expansion and the beginning of phenotypic differentiation and potentially nascent speciation, consistent with the very early onset of an adaptive radiation process. Moreover, we demonstrate evidence of rugged phenotypic fitness surfaces, indicating that current ecological selection may contribute to the phenotypic diversification.",
keywords = "Adaptive radiation, Cichlid fish, Disruptive selection, Fitness surfaces, Incipient speciation, Niche expansion",
author = "Moser, {Florian N.} and {van Rijssel}, {Jacco C.} and Salome Mwaiko and Meier, {Joana I.} and Benjamin Ngatunga and Ole Seehausen",
year = "2018",
month = "8",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2018.0171",
language = "English",
volume = "285",
journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society. B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "Royal Society, The",
number = "1884",

}

The onset of ecological diversification 50 years after colonization of a crater lake by haplochromine cichlid fishes. / Moser, Florian N.; van Rijssel, Jacco C.; Mwaiko, Salome; Meier, Joana I.; Ngatunga, Benjamin; Seehausen, Ole.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 285, No. 1884, 20180171, 15.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The onset of ecological diversification 50 years after colonization of a crater lake by haplochromine cichlid fishes

AU - Moser, Florian N.

AU - van Rijssel, Jacco C.

AU - Mwaiko, Salome

AU - Meier, Joana I.

AU - Ngatunga, Benjamin

AU - Seehausen, Ole

PY - 2018/8/15

Y1 - 2018/8/15

N2 - Adaptive radiation research typically relies on the study of evolution in retrospective, leaving the predictive value of the concept hard to evaluate. Several radiations, including the cichlid fishes in the East African Great Lakes, have been studied extensively, yet no study has investigated the onset of the intraspecific processes of niche expansion and differentiation shortly after colonization of an adaptive zone by cichlids. Haplochromine cichlids of one of the two lineages that seeded the Lake Victoria radiation recently arrived in Lake Chala, a lake perfectly suited for within-lake cichlid speciation. Here, we infer the colonization and demographic history, quantify phenotypic, ecological and genomic diversity and diversification, and investigate the selection regime to ask if the population shows signs of diversification resembling the onset of adaptive radiation. We find that since their arrival in the lake, haplochromines have colonized a wide range of depth habitats associated with ecological and morphological expansion and the beginning of phenotypic differentiation and potentially nascent speciation, consistent with the very early onset of an adaptive radiation process. Moreover, we demonstrate evidence of rugged phenotypic fitness surfaces, indicating that current ecological selection may contribute to the phenotypic diversification.

AB - Adaptive radiation research typically relies on the study of evolution in retrospective, leaving the predictive value of the concept hard to evaluate. Several radiations, including the cichlid fishes in the East African Great Lakes, have been studied extensively, yet no study has investigated the onset of the intraspecific processes of niche expansion and differentiation shortly after colonization of an adaptive zone by cichlids. Haplochromine cichlids of one of the two lineages that seeded the Lake Victoria radiation recently arrived in Lake Chala, a lake perfectly suited for within-lake cichlid speciation. Here, we infer the colonization and demographic history, quantify phenotypic, ecological and genomic diversity and diversification, and investigate the selection regime to ask if the population shows signs of diversification resembling the onset of adaptive radiation. We find that since their arrival in the lake, haplochromines have colonized a wide range of depth habitats associated with ecological and morphological expansion and the beginning of phenotypic differentiation and potentially nascent speciation, consistent with the very early onset of an adaptive radiation process. Moreover, we demonstrate evidence of rugged phenotypic fitness surfaces, indicating that current ecological selection may contribute to the phenotypic diversification.

KW - Adaptive radiation

KW - Cichlid fish

KW - Disruptive selection

KW - Fitness surfaces

KW - Incipient speciation

KW - Niche expansion

UR - https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4183364

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2018.0171

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2018.0171

M3 - Article

VL - 285

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society. B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society. B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1884

M1 - 20180171

ER -