The meta-governance of organic seed regulation in the USA, European Union and Mexico

Erica Renaud*, Edith Lammerts van Bueren, Janice Jiggins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Seed governance in agriculture is a challenging global issue. This paper analyses the evolution of organic seed regulation in the USA, the European Union and Mexico as model cases of how these challenges are being addressed, based on a study conducted between 2007 and 2014. It highlights how growth of the organic sector is hindered by regulatory imbalances and trade incompatibilities arising from divergent stakeholder interests along the organic seed value chain, and the varying capacity for self-organising governance of the seed sector in relation to the state's regulatory role. Progress towards regulatory harmonisation in the organic seed sector among the three cases has been slow. The paper concludes with an assessment of the regulatory processes described including what the regions may learn from each other and lessons for key areas of regulatory policy and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-291
Number of pages30
JournalInternational Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • European Union
  • harmonisation of standards
  • Mexico
  • organic agriculture
  • organic seed regulation
  • trade incompatibilities
  • USA


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