The mechanisms contributing to photosynthetic control of electron transport by carbon assimilation in leaves

Christine Foyer*, Robert Furbank, Jeremy Harbinson, Peter Horton

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    207 Citations (Scopus)


    'Photosynthetic control' describes the processes that serve to modify chloroplast membrane reactions in order to co-ordinate the synthesis of ATP and NADPH with the rate at which these metabolites can be used in carbon metabolism. At low irradiance, optimisation of the use of excitation energy is required, while at high irradiance photosynthetic control serves to dissipate excess excitation energy when the potential rate of ATP and NADPH synthesis exceed demand. The balance between ΔpH, ATP synthesis and redox state adjusts supply to demand such that the [ATP]/[ADP] and [NADPH]/[NADP+] ratios are remarkably constant in steady-state conditions and modulation of electron transport occurs without extreme fluctuations in these pools.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)83-100
    JournalPhotosynthesis Research
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 1990



    • Benson-Calvin cycle metabolites
    • Chlorophyll fluorescence
    • Photosynthesis
    • Photosystem I
    • Photosystem II
    • Pi

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