The Livelihoods concept integrated into the DPSIR analytical tool

A. Schrevel, R. Kumar

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional


DPSIR stands for Drivers, Pressures, State, Impact, and Responses. DPSIR is an analytical tool used to understand the causes of environmental change and the subsequent socio-economic impacts in order to formulate the most adequate responses (R). It is a linear cause-effect model. It assumes natural and human-made factors of change (Drivers) that cause Pressures, which in turn lead to a change in the State of the environment. Changes in State lead to socio-economic Impacts and this triggers Reponses, either by governments or other players. The DPSIR analytical tool was originally proposed by the European Environmental Agency and adopted by many national and European institutions, EEA, and Eurostat among others
Original languageEnglish
Place of Publication[Wageningen]
PublisherAlterra [etc.]
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • wetlands
  • agriculture
  • tools
  • environment

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