The Kenyan dairy sector: stakeholder roles and relationships, and their impact on milk quality

Simon Nyokabi, S.J. Oosting, Bockline Omedo Bebe, Lisette Phelan, Bernard Bett, Johanna Lindahl, I.J.M. de Boer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review


The dairy sector in Kenya is an economically important sector providing employment and a source of income value chain actors. Although demand for milk and dairy products is high and increasing, sector growth is constrained by milk quality issues stemming from physical-chemical composition, microbial contamination and adulteration which pose a risk to human health.
The objectives of this research were to identify which stakeholders in the Kenyan dairy sector play a role in determining milk quality, and to explore whether roles are affected by power relationships between stakeholders. The study used Social Network Analysis (SNA), and employed process Netmap, to examine the roles of, and relationships between dairy sector stakeholders, and the impact of actual and perceived power on the quality of milk and dairy products traded in formal and informal dairy value chains in Nakuru county Kenya.
Results show that the dairy sector in Nakuru county is a multi-layered network of stakeholders, encompassing stakeholders from both the formal and informal dairy value chains. Farmers, cooperatives and processors play a key role in determining the quality of milk and dairy products, while cooperatives, processors, government agencies exert influence over milk quality as the most powerful stakeholders in the network. Stakeholder relationships in the formal value chain are more conducive to the enforcement of regulation and standards, and thus the production of high quality milk and dairy products, than those in the informal value chain.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFarming systems: facing uncertainties and enhancing opportunities
Subtitle of host publicationTheme 5: Sustainable agrifood systems, value chains and power structures
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018
Event13th European IFSA Symposium - Chania, Greece
Duration: 1 Jul 20185 Jul 2018


Conference13th European IFSA Symposium
Internet address


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