The institutional regulation of the sustainability of water resources within mining contexts: accountability and plurality

M. Sosa Landeo, M.Z. Zwarteveen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article reviews recent literature on water and mining and uses illustrations from a large gold mine, Yanacocha, operating in Peru, to assess the effectiveness of institutional mechanisms for safeguarding the sustainability of water resources (and water-based ecosystems) in mining regions. The sustainability of water is mainly regulated through what we call ‘upward forms of accountability’: those that depend on the company's compliance with national and international regulations. This erodes and disqualifies existing ‘local’ rights and knowledges, weakening local communities’ formal powers and creating an accountability gap. We conclude that the preservation of water and ecosystems requires enabling institutions that endorse the experiences, rights and knowledge of communities affected by mining, combining existing upward forms of accountability with more downward ones, that build on affected communities’ voices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
JournalCurrent Opinion in Environmental Sustainability
Volume11
Issue numberSI: Sustainability science
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • peru
  • livelihoods
  • cajamarca

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