The influenze of signal parameters on the sound source localization ability of a harbor popoise (Phocoena phocoena)

R.A. Kastelein, D. de Haan, W.C. Verboom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is unclear how well harbor porpoises can locate sound sources, and thus can locate acoustic alarms on gillnets. Therefore the ability of a porpoise to determine the location of a sound source was determined. The animal was trained to indicate the active one of 16 transducers in a 16-m-diam circle around a central listening station. The duration and received level of the narrowband frequency-modulated signals (center frequencies 16, 64 and 100 kHz) were varied. The animal's localization performance increased when the signal duration increased from 600 to 1000 ms. The lower the received sound pressure level (SPL) of the signal, the harder the animal found it to localize the sound source. When pulse duration was long enough (1 s) and the received SPLs of the sounds were high (34¿50 dB above basic hearing thresholds or 3¿15 dB above the theoretical masked detection threshold in the ambient noise condition of the present study), the animal could locate sounds of the three frequencies almost equally well. The porpoise was able to locate sound sources up to 124° to its left or right more easily than sounds from behind it.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1238-1248
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume122
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

harbors
porpoises
acoustics
animals
thresholds
Harbors
Localization
Sound
warning systems
hearing
sound pressure
narrowband
transducers
pulse duration
stations
Animals

Keywords

  • bottle-nosed-dolphin
  • acoustic alarms
  • tursiops-truncatus
  • toothed whales
  • floating pen
  • lower bay
  • cetacea
  • mortality
  • gillnets
  • behavior

Cite this

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title = "The influenze of signal parameters on the sound source localization ability of a harbor popoise (Phocoena phocoena)",
abstract = "It is unclear how well harbor porpoises can locate sound sources, and thus can locate acoustic alarms on gillnets. Therefore the ability of a porpoise to determine the location of a sound source was determined. The animal was trained to indicate the active one of 16 transducers in a 16-m-diam circle around a central listening station. The duration and received level of the narrowband frequency-modulated signals (center frequencies 16, 64 and 100 kHz) were varied. The animal's localization performance increased when the signal duration increased from 600 to 1000 ms. The lower the received sound pressure level (SPL) of the signal, the harder the animal found it to localize the sound source. When pulse duration was long enough (1 s) and the received SPLs of the sounds were high (34¿50 dB above basic hearing thresholds or 3¿15 dB above the theoretical masked detection threshold in the ambient noise condition of the present study), the animal could locate sounds of the three frequencies almost equally well. The porpoise was able to locate sound sources up to 124° to its left or right more easily than sounds from behind it.",
keywords = "bottle-nosed-dolphin, acoustic alarms, tursiops-truncatus, toothed whales, floating pen, lower bay, cetacea, mortality, gillnets, behavior",
author = "R.A. Kastelein and {de Haan}, D. and W.C. Verboom",
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pages = "1238--1248",
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The influenze of signal parameters on the sound source localization ability of a harbor popoise (Phocoena phocoena). / Kastelein, R.A.; de Haan, D.; Verboom, W.C.

In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 122, No. 2, 2007, p. 1238-1248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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N2 - It is unclear how well harbor porpoises can locate sound sources, and thus can locate acoustic alarms on gillnets. Therefore the ability of a porpoise to determine the location of a sound source was determined. The animal was trained to indicate the active one of 16 transducers in a 16-m-diam circle around a central listening station. The duration and received level of the narrowband frequency-modulated signals (center frequencies 16, 64 and 100 kHz) were varied. The animal's localization performance increased when the signal duration increased from 600 to 1000 ms. The lower the received sound pressure level (SPL) of the signal, the harder the animal found it to localize the sound source. When pulse duration was long enough (1 s) and the received SPLs of the sounds were high (34¿50 dB above basic hearing thresholds or 3¿15 dB above the theoretical masked detection threshold in the ambient noise condition of the present study), the animal could locate sounds of the three frequencies almost equally well. The porpoise was able to locate sound sources up to 124° to its left or right more easily than sounds from behind it.

AB - It is unclear how well harbor porpoises can locate sound sources, and thus can locate acoustic alarms on gillnets. Therefore the ability of a porpoise to determine the location of a sound source was determined. The animal was trained to indicate the active one of 16 transducers in a 16-m-diam circle around a central listening station. The duration and received level of the narrowband frequency-modulated signals (center frequencies 16, 64 and 100 kHz) were varied. The animal's localization performance increased when the signal duration increased from 600 to 1000 ms. The lower the received sound pressure level (SPL) of the signal, the harder the animal found it to localize the sound source. When pulse duration was long enough (1 s) and the received SPLs of the sounds were high (34¿50 dB above basic hearing thresholds or 3¿15 dB above the theoretical masked detection threshold in the ambient noise condition of the present study), the animal could locate sounds of the three frequencies almost equally well. The porpoise was able to locate sound sources up to 124° to its left or right more easily than sounds from behind it.

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