The Influence of National Culture on Evacuation Response Behaviour and Time: An Agent-Based Approach

Elvira Van Damme*, Natalie van der Wal, Gert Jan Hofstede, Frances Brazier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

“How does culture, in combination with cues, settings and affiliation, influence response-phase behaviour and time and total evacuation time?”. A questionnaire and an agent-based model for a case study of a library evacuation in Czech Republic, Poland, Turkey and the UK have been developed to answer this question. Our questionnaire, conducted among 442 respondents (N = 105 from Czech Republic, N = 106 from Poland, N = 106 from Turkey and N = 125 from the United Kingdom), shows significant differences in the number of performed response tasks per culture - whereby Turkish respondents perform the most response tasks and British the least - and the results were directly implemented in our agent-based model. Simulation results show: (1) these differences - in combination with emergent effects for task choice and agent interactions - directly translate into the average response and evacuation times being highest for Turkey, followed by Poland, Czech Republic, and the UK, (2) cues, setting and affiliation influence response and evacuation time - such as being informed by staff giving a negative correlation and evacuating in groups a positive correlation with response time -, while the magnitude of these effects differ per culture. Our results suggest that faster response times might be related to dimensions of national culture, such as weak uncertainty avoidance and high individualism.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMulti-Agent-Based Simulation XXIII - 23rd International Workshop, MABS 2022, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsFabian Lorig, Emma Norling
PublisherSpringer
Pages41-56
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9783031229466
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2023
Event23rd International Workshop on Multi-Agent-Based Simulation, MABS 2022, collocated with the International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, AAMAS 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 8 May 20229 May 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13743 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference23rd International Workshop on Multi-Agent-Based Simulation, MABS 2022, collocated with the International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, AAMAS 2022
CityVirtual, Online
Period8/05/229/05/22

Keywords

  • Agent-based model
  • Cross-cultural
  • Evacuation modelling
  • Evacuation response behaviour

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