The influence of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Comparing Mexico, China and South Africa..

A. Gupta, R. Falkner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper analyzes how the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, a global regime governing trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs), is influencing agricultural biotechnology policy choices in developing countries/emerging economies. Through empirical analysis of Mexico, China and South Africa, we examine whether discursive and/or institutional change has followed the negotiation and implementation of the Cartagena Protocol in these countries. We find that, although trade and market competitiveness concerns are driving biotechnology policy choices in all three cases, a precautionary biosafety discourse has gained greater legitimacy as a result of the Cartagena Protocol, empowering those domestically who voice such concerns. Related to that, debates and/or decision-making processes in this controversial area have become more inclusive in all three countries - an important influence of the Cartagena Protocol. We also find persisting regulatory diversity rather than harmonization of biosafety regulatory frameworks in our three countries, with international trade linkages and domestic politics playing an important mediating role in determining Protocol influence
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-55
JournalGlobal Environmental Politics
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Fingerprint

biosafety
biotechnology policy
Biotechnology
Mexico
China
International trade
harmonization
institutional change
Developing countries
world trade
decision-making process
competitiveness
legitimacy
Decision making
developing country
regime
economy
politics
discourse
market

Keywords

  • world-trade-organization
  • food

Cite this

@article{da15b1929e624bb39a756cca061b3207,
title = "The influence of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Comparing Mexico, China and South Africa..",
abstract = "This paper analyzes how the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, a global regime governing trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs), is influencing agricultural biotechnology policy choices in developing countries/emerging economies. Through empirical analysis of Mexico, China and South Africa, we examine whether discursive and/or institutional change has followed the negotiation and implementation of the Cartagena Protocol in these countries. We find that, although trade and market competitiveness concerns are driving biotechnology policy choices in all three cases, a precautionary biosafety discourse has gained greater legitimacy as a result of the Cartagena Protocol, empowering those domestically who voice such concerns. Related to that, debates and/or decision-making processes in this controversial area have become more inclusive in all three countries - an important influence of the Cartagena Protocol. We also find persisting regulatory diversity rather than harmonization of biosafety regulatory frameworks in our three countries, with international trade linkages and domestic politics playing an important mediating role in determining Protocol influence",
keywords = "world-trade-organization, food",
author = "A. Gupta and R. Falkner",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1162/glep.2006.6.4.23",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "23--55",
journal = "Global Environmental Politics",
issn = "1526-3800",
publisher = "Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press",
number = "4",

}

The influence of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Comparing Mexico, China and South Africa.. / Gupta, A.; Falkner, R.

In: Global Environmental Politics, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2006, p. 23-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety: Comparing Mexico, China and South Africa..

AU - Gupta, A.

AU - Falkner, R.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - This paper analyzes how the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, a global regime governing trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs), is influencing agricultural biotechnology policy choices in developing countries/emerging economies. Through empirical analysis of Mexico, China and South Africa, we examine whether discursive and/or institutional change has followed the negotiation and implementation of the Cartagena Protocol in these countries. We find that, although trade and market competitiveness concerns are driving biotechnology policy choices in all three cases, a precautionary biosafety discourse has gained greater legitimacy as a result of the Cartagena Protocol, empowering those domestically who voice such concerns. Related to that, debates and/or decision-making processes in this controversial area have become more inclusive in all three countries - an important influence of the Cartagena Protocol. We also find persisting regulatory diversity rather than harmonization of biosafety regulatory frameworks in our three countries, with international trade linkages and domestic politics playing an important mediating role in determining Protocol influence

AB - This paper analyzes how the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, a global regime governing trade in genetically modified organisms (GMOs), is influencing agricultural biotechnology policy choices in developing countries/emerging economies. Through empirical analysis of Mexico, China and South Africa, we examine whether discursive and/or institutional change has followed the negotiation and implementation of the Cartagena Protocol in these countries. We find that, although trade and market competitiveness concerns are driving biotechnology policy choices in all three cases, a precautionary biosafety discourse has gained greater legitimacy as a result of the Cartagena Protocol, empowering those domestically who voice such concerns. Related to that, debates and/or decision-making processes in this controversial area have become more inclusive in all three countries - an important influence of the Cartagena Protocol. We also find persisting regulatory diversity rather than harmonization of biosafety regulatory frameworks in our three countries, with international trade linkages and domestic politics playing an important mediating role in determining Protocol influence

KW - world-trade-organization

KW - food

U2 - 10.1162/glep.2006.6.4.23

DO - 10.1162/glep.2006.6.4.23

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 23

EP - 55

JO - Global Environmental Politics

JF - Global Environmental Politics

SN - 1526-3800

IS - 4

ER -