The impact of geothermal resources on the competitiveness of municipalities: evidence from Poland

Katarzyna A. Kurek*, Wim Heijman, Johan van Ophem, Stanisław Gędek, Jacek Strojny

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In addition to large-scale environmental benefits, geothermal resources are nowadays expected to deliver an endogenous competitive advantage. The aim of this paper is to investigate this phenomenon for Poland. Since geothermal resources are of an endogenous nature, we assume their competitive advantage character for eleven selected municipalities in Poland. A municipality competitiveness model is built using an expert method. Panel data analysis is used to estimate four models of geothermal competitiveness. A sensitive analysis examines if the results are dependent on the model we developed. All four model scenarios are robust. The results show that the geothermal estimators significantly impact the created municipality competitiveness indicator. The geothermal energy production and geothermal bathing centres are both significant elements of municipality competitiveness in Poland. Therefore, this paper provides an argument for further expansion of the extraction of the available geothermal resources in Poland.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1230-1239
JournalRenewable Energy
Early online date28 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


  • Analytical Hierarchy Process
  • Endogenous local growth
  • Geothermal resource
  • Municipality competitiveness
  • Panel model regression


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