The impact of freeze-drying on microstructure and rehydration properties of carrot

A. Voda, N. Homan, M. Witek, A. Duijster, G. van Dalen, R.G.M. van der Sman, J. Nijsse, L.J. van Vliet, H. van As, J.P.M. van Duynhoven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

77 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The impact of freeze-drying, blanching and freezing rate pre-treatments on the microstructure and on the rehydration properties of winter carrots were studied by µCT, SEM, MRI and NMR techniques. The freezing rate determines the size of ice crystals being formed that leave pores upon drying. Their average size (determined by µCT) can be predicted in a quantitative manner by considering dendritic growth and freezing rates. Blanching as a pre-treatment, however, did not affect pore size distribution induced by freeze-drying. Upon rehydration of the freeze-dried carrots, PFG NMR and MRI show that cellular compartments were not restored and instead a porous network with permeable barriers is formed. Blanching pre-treatment introduced a less connected and more anisotropic porous network if followed by fast freezing, indicating that more of the native cell wall morphology is preserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)687-693
Number of pages7
JournalFood Research International
Volume49
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Daucus carota
Freeze Drying
Fluid Therapy
freeze drying
rehydration
carrots
Freezing
microstructure
blanching
freezing
pretreatment
Ice
Cell Wall
crystals
ice
Therapeutics
drying
cell walls
winter
Growth

Keywords

  • integral-equations
  • apple tissue
  • ice crystals
  • tip radius
  • frozen
  • nmr
  • fruit
  • crystallization
  • dehydration
  • mechanisms

Cite this

Voda, A. ; Homan, N. ; Witek, M. ; Duijster, A. ; van Dalen, G. ; van der Sman, R.G.M. ; Nijsse, J. ; van Vliet, L.J. ; van As, H. ; van Duynhoven, J.P.M. / The impact of freeze-drying on microstructure and rehydration properties of carrot. In: Food Research International. 2012 ; Vol. 49, No. 2. pp. 687-693.
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title = "The impact of freeze-drying on microstructure and rehydration properties of carrot",
abstract = "The impact of freeze-drying, blanching and freezing rate pre-treatments on the microstructure and on the rehydration properties of winter carrots were studied by µCT, SEM, MRI and NMR techniques. The freezing rate determines the size of ice crystals being formed that leave pores upon drying. Their average size (determined by µCT) can be predicted in a quantitative manner by considering dendritic growth and freezing rates. Blanching as a pre-treatment, however, did not affect pore size distribution induced by freeze-drying. Upon rehydration of the freeze-dried carrots, PFG NMR and MRI show that cellular compartments were not restored and instead a porous network with permeable barriers is formed. Blanching pre-treatment introduced a less connected and more anisotropic porous network if followed by fast freezing, indicating that more of the native cell wall morphology is preserved.",
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The impact of freeze-drying on microstructure and rehydration properties of carrot. / Voda, A.; Homan, N.; Witek, M.; Duijster, A.; van Dalen, G.; van der Sman, R.G.M.; Nijsse, J.; van Vliet, L.J.; van As, H.; van Duynhoven, J.P.M.

In: Food Research International, Vol. 49, No. 2, 2012, p. 687-693.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - The impact of freeze-drying on microstructure and rehydration properties of carrot

AU - Voda, A.

AU - Homan, N.

AU - Witek, M.

AU - Duijster, A.

AU - van Dalen, G.

AU - van der Sman, R.G.M.

AU - Nijsse, J.

AU - van Vliet, L.J.

AU - van As, H.

AU - van Duynhoven, J.P.M.

PY - 2012

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AB - The impact of freeze-drying, blanching and freezing rate pre-treatments on the microstructure and on the rehydration properties of winter carrots were studied by µCT, SEM, MRI and NMR techniques. The freezing rate determines the size of ice crystals being formed that leave pores upon drying. Their average size (determined by µCT) can be predicted in a quantitative manner by considering dendritic growth and freezing rates. Blanching as a pre-treatment, however, did not affect pore size distribution induced by freeze-drying. Upon rehydration of the freeze-dried carrots, PFG NMR and MRI show that cellular compartments were not restored and instead a porous network with permeable barriers is formed. Blanching pre-treatment introduced a less connected and more anisotropic porous network if followed by fast freezing, indicating that more of the native cell wall morphology is preserved.

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KW - fruit

KW - crystallization

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KW - mechanisms

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