The Gendered Labor Market Impacts of Trade Liberalization Evidence from Brazil

Isis Gaddis, Janneke Pieters*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates the impact of Brazil's trade liberalization on gender differences in labor market outcomes, using difference-in-difference estimation that exploits variation in preliberalization industry composition across microregions. We find that trade liberalization reduced male and female labor force participation rates and tradable sector employment rates, particularly among the low-skilled population. As aggregate effects on men are significantly larger, liberalization reduced the percentage point gender gap in employment and participation rates. However, in proportionate terms, we find no evidence that women's employment and participation increased relative to men's, or that women benefitted from the procompetitive effects of free trade.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)457-490
Journaljournal of human resources
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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