The Gendered Labor Market Impacts of Trade Liberalization. Evidence from Brazil

I. Gaddis, J. Pieters

Research output: Working paperProfessional

Abstract

This paper investigates gender differences in the impact of Brazil's trade liberalization on labor market outcomes. To identify the causal effect of trade reforms, the paper uses difference-in-difference estimation exploiting variation across microregions in pre-liberalization reduced male and female labor force participation and employment rates, but the effects on men were siginificantly larger. Thereby, tariff reductions contributed to gender convergence in labor force participation and employment rates. Gender differences are concentrated among the low-skilled population and in the tradable sector, where male and female workers are most likely to be imperfect substitutes.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherWorld Bank Group
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Participation rate
Market impact
Trade liberalization
Employment rate
Brazil
Labour market
Gender differences
Substitute
Tariffs
Causal effect
Labor force participation
Female labor force participation
Difference-in-differences
Workers
Labor market outcomes
Trade reform
Liberalization

Cite this

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The Gendered Labor Market Impacts of Trade Liberalization. Evidence from Brazil. / Gaddis, I.; Pieters, J.

World Bank Group, 2014.

Research output: Working paperProfessional

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