The G0/G1 switch gene 2 is a novel PPAR target gene

F.J. Zandbergen, S.J. Mandard, P. Escher, N.S. Tan, D.A. Patsouris, T. Jatkoe, S. Rojas-Caro, S. Madore, W. Wahl, S. Tafuri, M.R. Müller, A.H. Kersten

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165 Citations (Scopus)


PPARs (peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptors) ¿, ß/¿ and ¿ are a group of transcription factors that are involved in numerous processes, including lipid metabolism and adipogenesis. By comparing liver mRNAs of wild-type and PPAR¿-null mice using microarrays, a novel putative target gene of PPAR¿, G0S2 (G0/G1 switch gene 2), was identified. Hepatic expression of G0S2 was up-regulated by fasting and by the PPAR¿ agonist Wy14643 in a PPAR¿-dependent manner. Surprisingly, the G0S2 mRNA level was highest in brown and white adipose tissue and was greatly up-regulated during mouse 3T3-L1 and human SGBS (Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome) adipogenesis. Transactivation, gel shift and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays indicated that G0S2 is a direct PPAR¿ and probable PPAR¿ target gene with a functional PPRE (PPAR-responsive element) in its promoter. Upregulation of G0S2 mRNA seemed to be specific for adipogenesis, and was not observed during osteogenesis or myogenesis. In 3T3-L1 fibroblasts, expression of G0S2 was associated with growth arrest, which is required for 3T3-L1 adipogenesis. Together, these data indicate that G0S2 is a novel target gene of PPARs that may be involved in adipocyte differentiation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-324
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005


  • acute-phase response
  • adipocyte differentiation
  • transcription factors
  • gamma activators
  • alpha
  • expression
  • adipogenesis
  • protein
  • ppar-gamma-2
  • fenofibrate

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