The emerging small-scale cattle farming sector in Uzbekistan: Highly integrated with crop production but suffering from low productivity

M. Siegmund-Schultze*, B. Rischkowsky, I. Yuldashev, B. Abdalniyazov, J.P.A. Lamers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Even two decades after independence in 1991, the agricultural sector of Uzbekistan remains regulated by the government, prescribing the number of cattle head per agricultural area or imposing mandatory cash crops. The policy makers are insufficiently informed about the bottlenecks in the different livestock production units and base their policies mainly on general knowledge. This study analyzed the two major cattle farm types in the Khorezm province, 56 medium-scale farms (LS; on average 22ha) and 80 household farms (HH; on average 0.2ha). While LS farms produced more metabolizable energy and crude protein than required by their own ruminant livestock, the feeds produced by HH farms covered only a third of the requirements. Despite their limited farm size, the HH farmers took an active part in the commercial farming sector, for example, through the purchase of inputs for cattle and crop production, and product sales. The HH farms generated higher relative crop yields than their LS counterparts, while cattle productivity of both was comparable, albeit low. The present findings can be considered as a benchmark for monitoring developments in the cattle sector and as a source of information for directing improvements in feed supply, cattle health and husbandry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-104
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Arid Environments
Volume98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Feeding systems
  • Irrigated mixed systems
  • Khorezm
  • Livelihoods
  • Stover
  • Straw

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