The effects of teflubenzuron on mortality, physiology and accumulation in Capitella sp.

Jinghui Fang*, Ole B. Samuelsen, Øivind Strand, Pia Kupka Hansen, Henrice Jansen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The chitin synthesis inhibitor teflubenzuron (TFB) is a feed antiparasitic agents used to impede molting of the salmon lice, an ecto-parasite that severely affects the salmon industry. Low absorption of oral administered TFB may cause elevated concentrations in the feces discharged from the salmon into the benthic environment. The polychaete Capitella sp. are often dominant in such habitats and consume organic waste deposited on the sediment. In the present study, Capitella sp. were exposed to doses of TFB in salmon feed of 1, 2 and 4 g TFB kg−1 (0 g TFB kg−1 in control group) over an experimental period of 32 days. Cumulative mortality was 12%–15% in both treatment groups with 1 and 2 g TFB kg−1 and reached 27% in the group with 4 g TFB kg−1. Only the highest dose (4 g TFB kg−1) negatively affected feed intake, growth and respiration of the polychaetes while food conversion efficiency was not affected. At the end of the experiment, the concentrations of TFB in the Capitella sp. were high, in the range of 9.24–10.32 μg g−1 for the three treatment groups. It was suggested that a maximum level of absorption rate was reached, also for the lowest dose. High concentrations of TFB in the Capitella sp. might pose a risk to crustaceans that forage for polychaetes in the vicinity of fish farms. We conclude that the effects of TFB on Capitella sp. may therefore primarily be to the predators rather than the Capitella sp.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111029
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Aquaculture
  • Growth
  • Mortality
  • Polychaete
  • Salmon lice
  • Teflubenzuron

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