The effect of vegetation patterns on Aeolian mass flux at regional scale: A wind tunnel study

I.F. Youssef, S.M. Visser, D. Karssenberg, G. Erpul, W.M. Cornelis, D. Gabriels, A. Poortinga, M. de Boever

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference paper

Abstract

ABSTRACT Although insight on the effect of vegetation pattern on Aeolian mass transport is essential for re-planting degraded land, only limited knowledge on this effect is available. The objective of this research was to understand the effect of vegetation design on the Aeolian mass flux inside a single land unit and at the borders among land units. A simulation of Atriplex halimus shrubs inside a wind tunnel was made, and sand redistribution was measured after the application of 200-230 seconds wind at a speed of 11 ms-1. The study showed that: 1) sediment maximum transport inside a single land unit is related to the neighboring land units and to the vegetation pattern within both the unit itself and the neighboring land units; 2) the effect of neighboring land units includes the protection effect and the ruling of sediment crossing from one land unit to the neighboring land units; 3) for the designing of re-planting of degraded land the ‘streets’ (zones of erosion areas similar to streets) effect need to be considered; and 4) in addition to the general knowledge needed on the effect of vegetation pattern on the erosion and deposition within an area, it is important to have insight on the redistribution of sediment at small scales upon the aim of the project. Key words: wind erosion; vegetation pattern; wind-blown mass transport; wind tunnel
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2012
EventThe 8th International Symposium Agro Environ 2012 - Wageningen
Duration: 1 May 20124 May 2012

Conference

ConferenceThe 8th International Symposium Agro Environ 2012
CityWageningen
Period1/05/124/05/12

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