The Effect of Soil Erosion on Europe's Crop Yields

M.M. Bakker, G. Govers, R.A. Jones, M.D.A. Rounsevell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Soil erosion negatively affects crop yields and may have contributed to the collapse of ancient civilizations. Whether erosion may have such an impact on modern societies as well, is subject to debate. In this paper we quantify the relationship between crop yields and soil water available to plants, the most important yield-determining factor affected by erosion, at the European scale. Using information on the spatial distribution of erosion rates we calculate the potential threat of erosion-induced productivity losses. We show that future reductions in productivity in Europe as a whole are relatively small and do not pose a substantial threat to crop production within the coming century. However, within Europe there is considerable variability, and although productivity in northern Europe is not likely to be significantly reduced by soil erosion, for the southern countries the threat of erosion-induced productivity declines is stronger.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1209-1219
JournalEcosystems
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Fingerprint

crop yield
soil erosion
Crops
Erosion
erosion
Soils
productivity
Northern European region
crop production
Productivity
soil water
spatial distribution
civilization
erosion rate
effect
Europe
Spatial distribution
Water

Keywords

  • land-use change
  • topsoil removal
  • future scenarios
  • wheat yields
  • corn yield
  • productivity
  • growth
  • greece
  • loess

Cite this

Bakker, M. M., Govers, G., Jones, R. A., & Rounsevell, M. D. A. (2007). The Effect of Soil Erosion on Europe's Crop Yields. Ecosystems, 10(7), 1209-1219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-007-9090-3
Bakker, M.M. ; Govers, G. ; Jones, R.A. ; Rounsevell, M.D.A. / The Effect of Soil Erosion on Europe's Crop Yields. In: Ecosystems. 2007 ; Vol. 10, No. 7. pp. 1209-1219.
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Bakker, MM, Govers, G, Jones, RA & Rounsevell, MDA 2007, 'The Effect of Soil Erosion on Europe's Crop Yields' Ecosystems, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 1209-1219. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-007-9090-3

The Effect of Soil Erosion on Europe's Crop Yields. / Bakker, M.M.; Govers, G.; Jones, R.A.; Rounsevell, M.D.A.

In: Ecosystems, Vol. 10, No. 7, 2007, p. 1209-1219.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Bakker, M.M.

AU - Govers, G.

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KW - topsoil removal

KW - future scenarios

KW - wheat yields

KW - corn yield

KW - productivity

KW - growth

KW - greece

KW - loess

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