The effect of sample grinding procedures after processing on gas production profiles and end-product formation in expander processed barley and peas

A. Azarfar, A.F.B. van der Poel, S. Tamminga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Grinding is a technological process widely applied in the feed manufacturing industry and is a prerequisite for obtaining representative samples for laboratory procedures (e.g. gas production analysis). When feeds are subjected to technological processes other than grinding (e.g. expander treatment), grinding afterwards may disturb the effect of processing, both in practice and when laboratory techniques are applied. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the possible effects of different grinding procedures and sample preparation on the degradative behaviour of expander processed barley and peas. Samples of expander processed barley and peas were subjected to six different sample preparation procedures (intact sample, dissolved sample, samples ground stepwise over 6 and 3 mm sieves, samples ground stepwise over 6, 3 and 1 mm sieves, samples ground over a 3 mm sieve and samples ground over a 1 mm sieve). The patterns of gas production in these samples were studied over a period of 72 h incubation using an automated in vitro gas production system. The particle size distribution determined by dry sieve analysis and the Coulter counter method changed due to the different grinding procedures. Grinding the samples of expander processed barley and peas changed the kinetics of gas production and led to a faster degradation, most pronounced after stepwise grinding. However, the formation of the fermentation end-product was not affected by the method of sample preparation. In expander processed barley, the difference in the degradation pattern due to the different grinding procedures was small.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)855-864
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume87
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Keywords

  • in-vitro fermentation
  • fatty-acid production
  • cumulative gas
  • ruminant feeds
  • pressure transducer
  • particle-size
  • rumen fluid
  • kinetics
  • digestion
  • inoculum

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