The effect of pyramiding Phytophthora infestans resistance genes R Pi-mcd1 and R Pi-ber in potato

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Abstract

Despite efforts to control late blight in potatoes by introducing R(pi)-genes from wild species into cultivated potato, there are still concerns regarding the durability and level of resistance. Pyramiding R(pi)-genes can be a solution to increase both durability and level of resistance. In this study, two resistance genes, R(Pi-mcd1) and R(Pi-ber), introgressed from the wild tuber-bearing potato species Solanum microdontum and S. berthaultii were combined in a diploid S. tuberosum population. Individual genotypes from this population were classified after four groups, carrying no R(pi)-gene, with only R (Pi-mcd1), with only R(Pi-ber), and a group with the pyramided R(Pi-mcd1) and R (Pi-ber) by means of tightly linked molecular markers. The levels of resistance between the groups were compared in a field experiment in 2007. The group with R(Pi-mcd1) showed a significant delay to reach 50% infection of the leaf area of 3 days. The group with R ( Pi-ber ) showed a delay of 3 weeks. The resistance level in the pyramid group suggested an additive effect of R (Pi-mcd1) with R(Pi-ber). This suggests that potato breeding can benefit from combining individual R(pi)-genes, irrespective of the weak effect of R(Pi-mcd1) or the strong effect of R(Pi-ber)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-125
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume121
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • late blight resistance
  • marker-assisted selection
  • broad-spectrum resistance
  • quantitative trait loci
  • foliage maturity type
  • solanum-bulbocastanum
  • bacterial-blight
  • disease resistance
  • rpi-ber
  • rice

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