Vliv akumulace dusíku na vřesoviště a suché trávníky v Národním parku Podyjí

Translated title of the contribution: The effect of nitrogen accumulation on heathlands and dry grasslands in the české Podyjí National Park

Jaroslav Zahora, Milan Chytrý, Petr Holub, Karel Fiala, Ivan Tuma, Jana Vavrikova, Martina Fabsicova, I. Keizer-Sedlakova, Lenka Filipova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleProfessional

Abstract

The increasing availability of soil mineral nitrogen is often considered as a cause of expansion of nitrogen-demanding tall grasses into oligotrophic species-rich heathlands and dry grasslands dominated by Festuca ovina. Consequently
these ecosystems tend to lose their biodiversity. This paper summarizes the main results of different studies focused on the soil nitrogen transformation and availability in the heathlands and dry grasslands in the Podyjí National Park (southern Czech Republic). Increasing soil mineral nitrogen availability ccelerates expansion of competitive tall grasses Calamagrostis epigejos and Arrhenatherum elatius there. Subsequently, due to higher plant and microbial
demands for soil mineral nitrogen, the soil nitrogen availability in the tall-grass sites decreases. At the same time, experimental addition of carbon in the form of cellulose into dry grassland decreased nitrogen availability, which indicates that such ecosystem needs more carbon to effectively use the current levels of available soil nitrogen.
Substantial differences between A. elatius a C. epigejos were found in their capability to (i) accumulate nitrogen in plant tissues, (ii) resorb nitrogen from above-ground biomass during senescence and (iii) release nitrogen from
plant litter during decomposition. These observations point out to different growth and nutrient use strategies of the studied grass species and associated microbial communities in the rhizosphere.
Translated title of the contributionThe effect of nitrogen accumulation on heathlands and dry grasslands in the české Podyjí National Park
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)97-107
JournalŽivotné prostredie
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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