The effect of medium composition on ovary-slice culture and ovule culture in intraspecific Tulipa gesneriana crosses

M.G.M. van Creij, D.M.F.J. Kerckhoffs, S.M. de Bruijn, J.M. van Tuyl, D. Vreugdenhil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of several media components on the germination percentage of ovules in intraspecific T. gesneriana L. crosses was studied by using two embryo rescue techniques, viz. ovary-slice culture followed by ovule culture and direct ovule culture. The addition of 9% sucrose to medium for ovary-slice culture, started at 3 or at 5 weeks after pollination (WAP), significantly improved the germination percentage as compared to 5% sucrose. The germination percentage did not differ between both sucrose concentrations (3% and 5%) used in ovule culture started 4 weeks later with ovules excised from the ovary-slices (at 9 WAP). Similar germination percentages were obtained with media containing the full or half of the concentrations of micronutrients and macronutrients of the MS-medium during ovary-slice culture and ovule culture. For direct ovule culture, started at 4, at 6, and at 8 WAP, the germination percentages did not differ between ovules cultured on media with 3%, 6% or 9% sucrose. The addition of the cytokinin BAP (0.01 or 0.1 mg l-1) had no effect on the germination percentage. The use of liquid-shaken culture resulted in germination percentages which were similar to those on agar-solidified media. Analysis of the carbohydrate concentration of the media revealed that, in both media for ovary-slice culture and for ovule culture, ultimately all sucrose is converted into glucose and fructose. The total concentration of carbohydrates decreased with 19%–48% in the media for ovary-slice culture, whereas the total concentration of carbohydrates did not decrease remarkably in media for ovule culture.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-67
JournalPlant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture: an international journal on in vitro culture of higher plants
Volume60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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