The economics of vegetable farming in the lowlands of Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia

W. Adiyoga, H. de Putter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference paperAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The study was aiming at examining the economics of vegetable production of ten farmers in the lowlands of Cirebon, West Java, Indonesia. Farm records that documented the farmers materials and labor and the costs and income of vegetable crops grown from July 2013 to September 2015 were collected. In total, 65 vegetable crop records were collected i.e., bitter gourd (1), hot pepper (1), rice (3), shallot (33), sweet corn (23), spinach (2), and yard long bean (2). Farm-record results show that the farm/firm-base profits range from -37,000 to 506,000 IDR. Referring to the legal minimum wage, it implies that each farm/firm should provide at least 50,000 IDR day-1. This implies that five out of ten farmers/households have incomes lower than the local legal minimum wage. This may also imply that within two years of cultivating vegetables, half of the farmers participating in the farm-record activity frequently experienced a loss. The two most uncertain factors affecting farmers’ income are production (yield) and marketing (price) risks. It is suggested that farmers may forego an enterprise that has a high potential for income but also carries a high risk for loss, and instead choose an enterprise which is less profitable but also less risky. For example, instead of growing shallot 3-4 times in a row, farmers may use sweet corn as a rotation crop. The possible solution for overcoming marketing risks is through developing institutional arrangements, such as collective marketing or contract farming that may strengthen farm-market linkages. An alternative recommended option is to continuously encourage farmers to do their own farm-records so that they will have more information for planning and managing risks in their next farm business activity.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd Asian Horticultural Congress
EditorsY. Du, M. Doi, J. Eek Son
PublisherInternational Society for Horticultural Science
ISBN (Print)9789462612051
Publication statusPublished - 30 Aug 2018
EventII Asian Horticultural Congress - Chengdu City, China
Duration: 26 Sept 201628 Sept 2016

Publication series

NameActa Horticulturae
ISSN (Print)0567-7572
ISSN (Electronic)2406-6168


ConferenceII Asian Horticultural Congress
Abbreviated titleAHC2016
CityChengdu City


  • Economics
  • Farm records
  • Lowlands
  • Price risk
  • Vegetable
  • Yield risk


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