The dynamics of efficiency and productivity growth in U.S. electric utilities

S. Rungsuriyawiboon, S.E. Stefanou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study recognizes explicitly the efficiency gain or loss as a source in explaining the growth. A theoretically consistent method to estimate the decomposition of dynamic total factor productivity growth (TFP) in the presence of inefficiency is developed which is constructed from an extension of the dynamic TFP growth, adjusted for deviations from the long-run equilibrium within an adjustment-cost framework. The empirical case study is to U.S. electric utilities, which provides a measure to evaluate how different electric utilities participate in the deregulation of electricity generation. TFP grew by 2.26% per annum with growth attributed to the combined scale effects of 0.34%, the combined efficiency effects of 0.69%, and the technical change effect of 1.22%. The dynamic TFP grew by 1.66% per annum for electric utilities located within states with the deregulation plan and 3.30% per annum for those located outside. Electric utilities located within states with the deregulation plan increased the outputs by improving technical and input allocative efficiencies more than those located outside of states with deregulation plans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-190
JournalJournal of Productivity Analysis
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • united-states agriculture
  • technical efficiency
  • duality

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