The cytological background of Cyclamen breeding = De cytologische achtergrond van de cyclamen-veredeling

R.A.H. Legro

    Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WU

    Abstract

    Cytological studies and crossing experiments were carried out in both cultivars and species of Cyclamen in connection with breeding. Within 278 groups of Cyclamen cvs. grown at different nurseries in Western Europe, there were 48 diploids with 2n = 48, 168 tetraploids with 2n = 96, 58 and 4 aneuploids with 2n = 92 and 94, 95, respectively. It was known that the first tetraploid and aneuploid originated in 1863 and 1898, respectively.

    The results of reciprocal crosses between diploids and tetraploids were studied. On genetic evidence the origin of the unexpectedly high number of tetraploid descendants was explained by dispermy (fertilization of the female gamete by two male gametes) in the cross 4n x 2n and analogously by endogamy (fusion of 2 haploid embryo sac nuclei) in the 2n x 4n cross.

    The chromosome range of 14 Cyclamen spp. was determined as 20, 22, 30, 34, 48, 84-86, 96 and 136, to be grouped into 3 polyploid series with the basic numbers n = 10, 17 and 24. Attempts to produce interspecific hybrids failed, except once. Reconstruction of some numbers and creation of missing links by crossing the present-day species was therefore impossible.

    Original languageEnglish
    QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
    Awarding Institution
    • Wageningen University
    Supervisors/Advisors
    • Wellensiek, S.J., Promotor
    Award date4 Jun 1959
    Place of PublicationWageningen
    Publisher
    Publication statusPublished - 1959

    Keywords

    • ornamental plants
    • primulaceae

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